Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 21344
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Fifteenth Miscellany on Kabbalah, Venice, 1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,
Summary and Remarks

Yishai ben Yehiel appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58, 62, 64; Scribe21 inBSB Cod.hebr. 50; Scribe24 inBSB Cod.hebr. 28; Elijah of Nola and Scribe 25 only in this codex.  


3 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Fifteenth Venetian Miscellany on Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 68 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 68)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 431 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: 320 x (219-220) mm.
Text space: Elijah of Nola: 241 x (145-147) mm.
Scribe 24: (239-242) x (141-148) mm.
Scribe 21: (238-240) x (135-137) mm.
Scribe 25: (239-240) x (136-138) mm.
Yishai: (238-239) x (142-145) mm.
Panel Measurements
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1. Zohar (Leviticus) (fols. 4-114): begins פרשת אחרי מות וידבר יי' אל משה אחרי מות שני. 2. Sha'ar ha-Razim (שער הרזים; The Gate of Secrets) by Todros ben Joseph ha-Levi Abulafia (fols. 116-152): begins השמים מספרים כבוד אל. Version A (Kushnir-Oron 1989:37-38). Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 53 (fols. 30-76) from Fugger's Venetian group, copied apparently from Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 209 (fols. 40-104) which belonged to Domenico Grimani; and Cod.hebr. 37 (fols. 1-44v). 3. Sefer Ziyyoni (ספר ציוני; Zion Book): kabbalistic commentary on the Pentateuch (fols. 156-327) by Menahem ben Meir Ziyyoni: begins בטוב אגדיל אתחיל בא עמי ... לכתוב ספר ציוני שחיבר הרב המקובל הגדול מנחם ציון. 1st ed. Cremona 1559. Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 76, belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter. 4. Fragment of Yesod Olam (יסוד עולם; The Basis of the World) by Isaac ben Joseph Israeli (fols. 328-345v): begins מחשב השכל יורה כמו למי כמוהו מורה. Complete copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 35 from Fugger's Venetian group. 5. Ir Sihon (עיר סיחון) by Joseph ben Moses Zarfati (fols. 346-375v): beginsאישים כאן קרית ספר בהכל מספר תוכלו לבחון את שם העיר אגיד לכם הלא כי השטן עיר סיחון. 6. Ma'aseh Hoshev (מעשה חושב; The Skilful Work) by Levi ben Gershom (fols. 376-432): beginsאמר לוי בן גרשום בעבור שהשגה השלימה נעשית המלאכה הוא שנדע (Lange 1909). Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 36 (fols. 1v-7v), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.
Elijah of Nola (Scribe A*): fols. 2-114 in brown ink. Scribe 24** (Emmanuel of Nola?; Scribe B): fols. 116-152 in brown ink. Scribe 21 (Scribe C): fols. 157-187v in brown ink. Scribe 25 (Scribe D): fols. 156, 188-345v in brown ink. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe E): fols. 346-432 in brown ink. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying of the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** The running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered.
The text is written in semi-cursive Sephardi (Elijah of Nola and Scribe 24) and Ashkenazi (Scribes 21 and 25) script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page mainly written in one column.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, sometimes only for the frame in plummet (e.g. fol. 298). Elijah of Nola and Scribe 24: 2+1 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 130).
54 quires of 8 leaves each, except for I1+8, XIV8+1, XV1+8, XXXII6, XLVII6. Quire composition: I1+8 (1-9); II8 (10-17); III8 (18-25); IV8 (26-33); V8 (34-41); VI8 (42-49); VII8 (50-57); VIII8 (58-65); IX8 (66-73); X8 (74-81); XI8 (82-89); XII8 (90-97); XIII8 (98-105); XIV8+1 (106-114; the last leaf is single); XV1+8 (115-123); XVI8 (124-131); XVII8 (132-139); XVIII8 (140-147); XIX8 (148-155); XX8 (156-163); XXI8 (164-171); XXII8 (172-179); XXIII8 (180-187); XXIV8 (188-195); XXV8 (196-203); XXVI8 (204-211); XXVII8 (212-219); XXVIII8 (220-227); XXIX8 (228-235); XXX8 (236-243); XXXI8 (244-251); XXXII6 (252-257); XXXIII8 (258-265); XXXIV8 (266-273); XXXV8 (274-281); XXXVI8 (282-289); XXXVII8 (290-297); XXXVIII8 (298-305); XXXIX8 (306-313); XL8 (314-321); XLI8 (322-329); XLII8 (330-337); XLIII8 (338-345); XLIV8 (346-353); XLV8 (354-361); XLVI8 (362-369); XLVII6 (370-375); XLVIII8 (376-383); XLIX8 (384-391); L8 (392-399); LI8 (400-408; wrongly foliated: 405, 407); LII8 (409-416); LIII8 (417-424); LIV8 (425-432).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally on the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribes.
Hebrew Numeration
Scribe 21: Foliation for leaves in the upper left corner of each recto, from א (title page) to בל. Numeration for quires and bifolia in the lower left corner of a recto: fol. 159 in quire I of Scribe 21 (41 אד [quire 1, leaf 4]), fols. 164-167 in quire II (12 בא, 22 בב, 32 בג, 42 בד), fols. 172-175 in quire III (13 גא, 23 גב, 33 גג, 43 גד).
Blank Leaves
Fols. 114v, 115-115v, 152v, 153-153v, 154-154v, 155-155v, 156v, 346v, 432v.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Fol. 114, by Elijah of Nola: נשלם זה הספר על ידי אליה בכמ"ר מנחם יצ"ו [ישמריהו צורו וגואלו] מנולא פה רומה/ היום יום ג’ כ"ב סיון שנת י’ש’ב’ אשב עם המלך היי' יזכני להתחיל/ ולהשלים ספרים אחרים אמן והמכתיב יאריך ימים בקרב הארץ (This book was completed by Elia of Nola son of the honorable Rabbi Menahem, may his Rock protect and sustain him, here in Rome, today, Tuesday, 22nd Sivan 5312 [14.06.1552]. I will sit with God the King, may he grant me to begin and finish other books. Amen; and may the days of the ‘dictator’ (patron?) be long upon the earth.) Fol. 432, by Yishai ben Yehiel, who also copied the colophon of his exemplar: והיתה השלמתו בראש ניסן בשנת פ"א לפרט האלף הששי/ בהגיעי לשנת ל"ג משנותי וברוך העוזר א"ס [אמן סלה]/ תם תם ונשלם תהלה לאל עולם הסופר לא יזק לא היום/ ולא לעולם עד שיעלה חמור בסולם, בסולם שיעקב אבינו חלם/ היו’ יו'[ם] ו’ כ"ט תשרי שי"ג לפ"ק פרש’ וזאת הברכה אשר ברך משה [דב' לג, 1] (The book was completed on the New Moon of Nisan 5081 [1321], when I reached the 31st year of my age, and may the helper be blessed. Amen sela. It (the copying) is completed; praise be to God, may the scribe not be harmed, neither today nor ever, until a donkey climbs a ladder, the ladder dreamt by Jacob. Today is Friday, 29th Tishrei 5313 [17.10.1552], pericope Vezot habrakha which Moses blessed [Deut. 33:1].)
Scribal Notes
Fol. 237: "הכתב היה/ מטושטש מאד"(The script is very blurred).
: 'B' with a trefoil flower surmounting its vertical at the corner of the folio (31 mm); counter mark: a crowned double-headed eagle at the centre of the folio (85 mm): similar to Brique, No. 245, Reggio d'Emilie, 1547; a circle divided by a line extending beyond it with an X on top, at the centre of the folio (93 mm): unidentified.
Trade Mark
Decoration Program

Decoration was executed by Scribe 21:

  1. Decorated initial words (fols. 157, 175).  
  2. Decorated catchword (fol. 165v).
Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Fol. 1v: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1a: פירוש צוער על אחרי מות/ ספר ציוני שחיבר הרב הגדול/ המקובל מנחם ציון/ ספר עיר סיחון. פרוש על המזמור/ השמים מספרים. Below it on the left: Perusch zoar al ahaere mos\ sephaer zioni schehibar harab hagadol\ vehamekubal menahem ziion\ sephaer ir sihon. On the right by Librarian 3: Zoharis supra Leuiticus vltima pars\ commentaria super XVII.ps. caeli enarrat gloria Dei [Ps. 18:2]\ Liber Zioni dictus ab autore e Menahem Zion.\ R. Mosis filij Joseph Gallj Liber Ir Sihon\ dictus, nomen habens a Ciuitate. In Yishai's section: the titles are inscribed in Latin characters by Librarian 8 (?): fol. 346: Liber Ir Sihon, fol. 376: Liber maese huseu. Front pastedown, on the exlibris in plummet: the contents in German. Exlibris and stamps: Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972: B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972: A3a-f). Old signatures: Back cover, upper right part in black ink: St. 8 n. 38 (second signature of Fugger's library). Front cover, lower part in black ink: 2. n. 14 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front pastedown, lower part in red ink: 2. 14 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Front and back pastedown in pencil: Cod.hebr. 68 (current signature). Stickers, on back pastedown and spine, in ink: Cod.hebr. 68 (current signature). On the exlibris in pencil and on the back pastedown: Cod.hebr. 68 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin, 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Kushnir-Oron 1989 מ' קושניר-אורון, שער הרזים לר' טודורוס בן יוסף הלוי אבולעפיה, ירושלים תשמ"ט (M. Kushnir-Oron, Sha'ar ha-Razim of R. Todoros ben Yosef ha-Levi Abulafia, Jerusalem 1989). Lange 1909 ג' לנגה, ספר מעשה חושב, פרנקפורט על נהר מיין תרס"ט (G. Lange, Sefer Ma'aseh Hoshev, Frankfurt a. M. 1909). Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2014
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2014, 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 06-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |