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Object Alone

Obj. ID: 21134
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Second Commentaries on the Bible, Venice, c.1549

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,
Summary and Remarks

Yaakov ben Yosef appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 17, 22, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 43, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 73; Scribe6 in12, 23, 22, 24, 48; Scribe4 inBSB Cod.hebr. 10, 24, and 52; and Yishai ben Yehiel in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58, 64, 68. 


4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Second Venetian Commentaries on the Bible | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 62 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 62)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 1 + 351 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (344-345) x (245-248) mm.
Text space: Scribe 6: (237-238) x (136-138) mm.
Scribe 4: (236-239) x (141-143) mm.
Panel Measurements
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1. Minhat Yehudah (מנחת יהודא; lit. Offering of Judah). Super commentary on Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch by Judah ben Eliezer (fols. 1-181v): beginsבראשית אמר ר' יצחק לא היה צריך להתחיל את התורה אלא מהחודש הזה (Levi 1905:45-52; Gelis 1982:30). 2. Zafnat Pa'aneah (צפנת פענח; Exposer of Mysteries). Super commentary on Abraham ibn Ezra's commentary on the Pentateuch by Joseph ben Eliezer Tov Elem (fols. 183r-344r): beginsספר צפנת פענח כל דורש לשתות מי עדן (Herzog 1930:XLII [this manuscript = M]; see also Lange 1981:631).
Yaakov ben Yosef (title page): fols. 1, 183 in brown ink. Scribe 6* (Scribe A**): fols. 2-9v in brown ink. Scribe 4 (Scribe B): fols. 10-181v, 191-192v in dark brown ink. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe C): fols. 184-190v, 193-344, in dark brown ink. Interpolator 4* (Interpolator A**): fol. 241v (lines 11-30) (same ink as Yishai). Yishai's text was proofread by the corrector of Fugger's group (e.g. fols. 184v, 188, 192v, 199v) in brown ink. * Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered. ** The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript.
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page mostly in one column.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 183).
33 quires of 10 (Scribes 6 and 4) and 12 (Yishai) leaves each, except for XIX8, XXXII10, and XXXIII8+1. Quire composition: I10 (1-10); II10 (11, 11a-19); III10 (20-23, 23a-28); IV10 (29-30, 30a-36, 36a); V10 (37-46); VI10 (47-56); VII10 (57-66); VIII10 (67-76); IX10 (77-86); X10 (87-96); XI10 (97-106); XII10 (107-116); XIII10 (117-126); XIV10 (127-136); XV10 (137-146); XVI10 (147-150, 150a-155); XVII10 (156-160, 160a-164); XVIII10 (165-174); XIX8 (175-182); XX12 (183-194); XXI12 (195-206); XXII12 (207-218); XXIII12 (219-230); XXIV12 (231-242); XXV12 (243-254); XXVI12 (255-266); XXVII12 (267-278); XXVIII12 (279-290); XXIX12 (291-302); XXX12 (303-314); XXXI12 (315-326); XXXII10 (327-336); XXXIII8+1 (337-345).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 182-182v, 183v, 344v.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Scribal Notes
Trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 5, 12, 109,
125, 182, 183, 200, 275, 344): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather on wooden boards (344 x241 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed קבלה (though the manuscript contains biblical commentaries), above are the letters   בבand below the letter T. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails in the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.


This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 23.


Watermarks on flyleaves: 'A' with a curl on its right in the outer corner of the folio (22 mm; front cover flyleaf): similar to Brique, No. 507 (Venice, 1529).

Decoration Program

The decoration is executed by Yaakov ben Yosef and Yishai ben Yehiel:

  1. Yaakov ben Yosef: the titles are written in display script decorated with acanthus scrolls (fols. 1 and 183). For similar titles, captions and initial words see: BSB, Cod.hebr. 10, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 15, fol. 245; Cod.hebr. 17, fol. 169; Cod.hebr. 22, fols. 1, 70, 181; Cod.hebr. 24, fols. 165, 213; Cod.hebr. 32, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 40, fols. 160, 161, 219, 219v; Cod.hebr. 48, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 52,

fol. 1.

  1. Yishai ben Yehiel: the initial word בראשית (In the beginning) and the caption  הקדמה(Preface) are written in decorated display script (fols. 190v and 257v).



Fol. 1                                                                            Fol. 190v

Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Front flyleaf, verso: contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a:ספר מנחת יהודה/ על חמשה חומשי/ תורה גם פירוש/ הנקרא צפנת/ פענח. Contents in Hebrew in Latin character by Librarian 6: Sepher minhas iehudah\ al hamischah humschei\ Torah: gam peirusch\ Hanichra zaphnas\ Paaneha. Below, the contents in Latin by Librarian 3: Sepher minhas Iehuda .i. Liber de Sacrificio\ Judae Item commentarius in Pentateuchum. Exlibris and stamps: Front cover pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (230 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck on his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On the front cover pastedown there is a modern oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Back cover in black ink: Sta. 8(?) n0 13 (the second signature of Fugger's library is erased). Spine, on the sticker in black ink: Cod.hebr. 40 (current signature). On exlibris, in plummet: Cod. hebr.62 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Gelis 1982 אוצר פירושי בעלי התוספות על תורה נביאים וכתובים, ירושלים תשמ"ב י' גליס, ספר תוספות השלם:. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Herzog 1930 ספר צפנת פענח: והוא פירוש על הראב"ע על התורה, קראקא תר"ץ ד' הרצוג,. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Lange 1981 פרושי התורה לר' חיים פלטיאל, ירושלים תשמ"א י' ש' לנגה,. Levi 1905 I. Levi, "Quelques manuscrits du ‘Minhat Yehouda’ de Juda b. Eliézer", Revue des Études Juives 50 (1905):45–52. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 06-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |