Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 21104
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's 13th Miscellany on Kabbalah, Venice, 1550

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,
Summary and Remarks

Meir appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 11, 15, 23, 27, 29, 31, 39, 44, 47, 49, 50, 54, 56, 59; Yishai ben Yehiel in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 62, 64, 68; Itzhak ben Elijah Manosh in BSB Cod.hebr. 18, 25, 27, 30, 63; Yaakov ben Yosef in BSB Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 17, 22, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 43, 48, 49, 52, 57, 62, 73; and Scribe8 inBSB, Cod.hebr. 22. 


8 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Venetian Thirteenth Miscellany on Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 58 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 58)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 1 + 389 + 1 leaves
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (352-353) x (246-248) mm.
Text space: Yishai: (239-241) x (139-141) mm.
Yaakov: 240 x (135-137) mm.
Scribe 8: (235-237) x (130-137) mm.
Panel Measurements
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1. Livyat Hen, Boaz (לוית חן, ספר בועז; Ornament of Grace, The Book of Boaz) by Levi ben Abraham ben Hayyim (fols. 1-155v): beginsהמאמר השישי מן הספר הכולל המכונה לוית חן והוא המאמר מן העמוד השני הנקרא בועז (Sirat 1963:167-169). 2. Sha'arei Zedek (שערי צדק; The Gates of Righteousness) by Joseph ben Abraham Gikatilla (fols. 158-245v): begins סמני שערי צדק. שערי צדק א' דור הפלגה ב' סוד ישמעאל ג' סוד יעקב. Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 248 (fols. 16-153v), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter (this manuscript served as a textual exemplar for Vatican ebr. 205). 1st ed. Riva di Trento 1561. 3. Commentary on Ma'arekhet Ha-Elohut (פירוש מערכת האלוהות; Commentary on the Order of God) attributed to Reuben Ha-Zarfati (fols. 246-314v): beginsאמונה מוחלטת פירוש שלא יהיה מחשבת האדם (Gottlieb 1976). 1st ed. Ferrara 1557. 4. Gan Naul (גן נעול; The Locked Garden) by Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 316-340): beginsבראש הוא אומר תקרא בפתח (Idel 1976, I:19-20, 50 n. 117). 5. Iggeret Purim: Commentary on the ten Sefirot ((אגרת פורים: פירוש עשר ספירות with commentary by Reuben Ha-Zarfati (fols. 342-387): beginsמגדל עוז שם ה' בו ירוץ צדיק ונשגב/ יהי לבי תמים בחקיך למען לא אבוש ... ונהר יוצא מערן להשקות את הגן ומשם יפרד והיה לארבעה ראשים (Scholem 1933/34:502, 504). Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 311 (fols. 1-42), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.
Meir (Scribe A*): fol. 1 in brown ink. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe B): fols. 2-155v, 246-340 in brown ink, except for: Itzhak ben Elijah Manosh (Interpolator A*): fol. 326 (lines 5-30), 327v (lines 20-30) in brown ink; Interpolator 6** (Interpolator B): fol. 327v (lines 1-19) in brown ink. Yaakov ben Yosef (Scribe C): fols. 158-245v in brown ink. Scribe 8** (Scribe D): fols. 342-386 in brown ink. Each section of the text was proofread by its own scribe. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. Scribes identified by name are not numbered.
Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark and light brown ink, while titles and some initial words are in square script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page mainly in one column.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 389).
39 quires of 10 leaves each, except for XI10-1, XV8, XXI8, XXVII10-1, XXVIII10-1, XXXII12, XXXIII8, XXXIV8, XXXVII16, XXXIX14. Quire composition: I10 (1-10); II10 (11-20); III10 (21-30); IV10 (31-40); V10 (41-50); VI10 (51-60); VII10 (61-70); VIII10 (71-80); IX10 (81-90); X10 (91-100); XI10-1 (101-109); XII10 (110-119); XIII10 (120-129); XIV10 (130-139); XV8 (140-147); XVI10 (148-157); XVII10 (158-167); XVIII10 (168-177); XIX10 (178-187); XX10 (188-197); XXI8 (198-205); XXII10 (206-215); XXIII10 (216-225); XXIV10 (226-235); XXV10 (236-245); XXVI10 (246-255); XXVII10-1 (256-264); XXVIII10-1 (265-273); XXIX10 (274-283); XXX10 (284-293); XXXI10 (294-303); XXXII12 (304-315); XXXIII8 (316-323); XXXIV8 (324-331); XXXV10 (332-341); XXXVI10 (342-351); XXXVII16 (352-367); XXXVIII10 (368-37); XXXIX14 (376-389).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribes, mostly with a V (Yishai) or a loop (Yaakov) on top.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols.1v, 156-156v, 157-157v, 158v, 246v, 315-315v, 340v, 341-341v, 386v, 387v, 388-388v, 389-389v.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Scribal Notes
Fols. 30v, 272v: A crown above the name Yishai.
Watermarks: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 5, 11, 21): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather on wooden boards (352 x235 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed פירושים with שערי צדק above it and the letters CCC below. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.


This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' in Venice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 18, 63 and 20 A. hebr. 99.


Watermark of the front flyleaf: An anchor within a circle with a star on top at the centre of the folio

(65 mm): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556). 

Decoration Program

The decoration is by Meir and Yishai ben Yehiel:

  1. Fol. 1: The title ספר בועז is written in ribbon-like letters by Meir.
  2. Fol. 14v: Decorative interlace as a filler for a lower line by Yishai ben Yehiel.
  3. Fol. 246: The title פירוש על מערכת האלהות is written in letters decorated with different patterns, animals and human figures by Yishai ben Yehiel. 
Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: The numbering of texts by Fugger’s librarians does not always correspond to the actual number of texts in the manuscript: N0 1: fols. 1-155v; N0 2: fols. 158-245v; N0 3: fols. 246-340; N0 4: fols. 342r-387r. Front flyleaf, verso: contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a: המאמר הששי מן הספר הכולל/ המכונה לוית חן והוא המאמר מן/ העמוד השני הנקרא בועז והוא/ המקובל נחלק לשלושה חלקים/ החלק הראשון באיבות הנבואה/ וסודות התורה השני בספרי/ האמונה הג' במעשה בראשית/ שערי צדק/ פי' על מערכות/ האלהות/ גן נעול/ מגדל עוז. By Librarian 3: Hamaemar haschischi min hasephaer hacolal\ Hamchuna liueas hen vehu hamaemar min\ haamud hascheni hanikra boas vehu hamkubal\ nehelak lischloscha helakim hahalek harischon\ beibos hanuua vesodos hathora hascheni besiphre\ haemuna haschloschi beamese bereschis.\ Boas liber tripartitus, de mysterijs legis, fidei, et\ opere creationis tractat.\ schara zedek. i. portus (porta) Justitice.\ Maarchos. i. expositio libi qui vo\catur apparatus diuinus.\ Gan Naul. i. hortus con\clusus.\ Migdal os. i. Munitio fortis. Back pastedown, in plummet on the exlibris: contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On the front cover flyleaf, verso there is a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Back cover, upper part in black ink: St. 8 n0 10 (second signature of Fugger's library). Front cover, lower right corner in black ink: 2. n0. 32 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Sticker on the back pastedown and on the spine: Cod.hebr. 58 (current signature). On exlibris in plummet: Cod.hebr. 58 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Gottlieb 1976 א' גוטליב, מחקרים בספרות הקבלה, תל אביב תשל"ו (E. Gottlieb, Research on the Kabbalistic Literature, Tel Aviv 1976). Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Idel 1976 מ' אידל, כתבי ר' אברהם אבולעפיה ומשנתו, ירושלים תשל"ו (M. Idel, Writings of R. Abraham Abulafia and his Teaching, Jerusalem 1976). Scholem 1933/34 ג' שולם, "מפתח לפירושים על עשר ספירות," קרית ספר י (תרצ"ג- תרצ"ד):498-515(G. Scholem, "Index of the Commentaries on the Ten Sefirot", Kiryat Sefer 10 (1933-1934):498-515). Sirat 1963 C. Sirat, "Les différentes versions du Liwyat Hen de Lévi ben Abraham", Revue des études juives, CIII (1963):167-177. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2014
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |