Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 20954
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Biblical Commentaries, Venice, 1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,
Summary and Remarks

Yishai ben Yehiel appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 52, 56, 58, 62,

64, 68; Meir appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 11, 15, 23, 27, 29, 31, 39, 44, 45, 47, 49, 54, 56, 58, 59; and Scribe21 inBSB Cod.hebr. 68. 


13 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Venetian Biblical Commentaries | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 50 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 50)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 1 + 414 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (346-347) x (232-235) mm.
Text space: (238-240) x (137-139) mm.
Panel Measurements
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1. Pa'ane'ah Razaפענח רזא , The Revealer of the Secret) by Isaac ben Judah Halevi (fols. 1-328): begins בראשית ברא אלהים למה פתח בב' על שם ב' תורות (Lange 1980:143). 1st ed. Prague 1607. 2. Midrash Rabbah: Song of Songs (מדרש חזית (רבה): שיר השירים) (fols. 329-413): beginsשיר השירים אשר לשלמה זהו שאמר הכתוב על ידי שלמה המלך. 1st ed. Pesaro 1519.
Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe A*): fols. 1-270 (lines 1-2), 306-322 (lines 1-11), 327 (from line 9)-328. Scribe 21** (Interpolator A*): fol. 89v (lines 12-14: ...כמוני), 90 (from line 6: הורידוהו...) – 90v (lines 1-16), 116v (lines 9-13). Meir (Scribe B): fols. 270 (from line 3) – 305v, 322 (from line 12) – 327 (lines 1-8), 329-413. On fols. 1-328 Yishai rubricated the initial words also in the part copied by Meir. Each scribe proofread his own section of the text. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. Scribes identified by name are not numbered.
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page, mostly in one column.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 349.
53 quires of 8 leaves each, except for VII6, XXXIX4-1, XLII8-1, LIII6. Quire structure: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16a); III8 (17-24); IV8 (25-32a); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII6 (49-54); VIII8 (55-62); IX8 (63-70); X8 (71-78); XI8 (79-86); XII8 (87-94); XIII8 (95-102); XIV8 (103-110); XV8 (111-118); XVI8 (119-126); XVII8 (127-134); XVIII8 (135-142); XIX8 (143-150); XX8 (151-158); XXI8 (159-166); XXII8 (167-174); XXIII8 (175-182); XXIV8 (183-190); XXV8 (191-198); XXVI8 (199-206); XXVII8 (207-214); XXVIII8 (215-222); XXIX8 (223-230); XXX8 (231-238); XXXI8 (239-246); XXXII8 (247-254); XXXIII8 (255-262); XXXIV8 (263-270); XXXV8 (271-278); XXXVI8 (279-286); XXXVII8 (287-294); XXXVIII8 (295-302); XXXIX4-1 (303-305); XL8 (306-313); XLI8 (314-321); XLII8-1 (322-328); XLIII8 (329-336); XLIV8 (337-344); XLV8 (345-352); XLVI8 (353-360); XLVII8 (361-368); XLVIII8 (369-376); XLIX8 (377-384); L8 (385-392); LI8 (393-400); LII8 (401-408); LIII6 (409-414).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally on the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe; sometimes they are missing and sometimes they include more than one word.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 328v, 413v, 414-414v.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Fol. 328: סיימתי ספר זה בפרט שי"ב פרשת ויקרא שמו צפנת פענח/ ברוך הנותן ליעף כח (I have completed this book in 5312 (1552), the pericope Vayikra, its name The Revealer of the Secret, blessed is He who gives strength to the weary).
Scribal Notes
Watermarks: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 42, 46, 48, 333, 370, 412): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80: Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather turned brown on wooden boards (349 x222 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed קבלה, and below it the letters FFFF (same binding and signature as in Cod.hebr. 31). The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has three hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.


This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 26, 31, 35, 44, 45, 56, 57,60, Ahebr. 278 and Cod.gr. 14.


Watermarks of the front and back cover flyleaves: A bull's head below an arch and flower, at the centre of the folio (105 mm): unidentified.

Decoration Program
  1. Decorative titles and initial words by Yishai in black, red, and green (e.g. fol. 1).
  2. Decoration by Yishai next to the initial words (fols. 203v, 208, 218, 262v).
  3. A branch with a bird by Scribe 21 (fol. 89v).
  4. Decorative title page for Midrash Rabbah (fol. 329) and ribbon-like initial word (fol. 330) opening the Midrash by Meir.
  5. The word הקדוש (the holy) by Meir has a crown on top (fol. 391).
Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: The numbering of the texts by Fugger’s librarians does not always correspond to the actual number of texts in the manuscript. However, not in this case. N0 1:1-328; N0 2:329-413. Front flyleaf, verso: Contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a: זה הספר פירוש על התורה/ הנקרא פענח רזי/ מדרש חזית דשיר השירים. Below, on the left by Librarian 1a in dark brown ink: Sae hasephaer perusch al hatora\ hanikra paeneha rase\ Mederasch hasis deschir haschirim; and by Librarian 3: Commentarius in Pentateuchum\ liber Cabalisticus, dictus Paeneha\ Rase Pandens secreta\ Medrasch: id est. homoelia in Cantica\ Cantitorum. Front pastedown, in plummet on the exlibris: the contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I pf 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On the front cover pastedown, verso, there is a 20th century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Back cover, upper right corner in black ink: Stat. 8 n0 34 (second signature of Fugger's library). Front cover, lower right corner in black ink: 2. n0. 23 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front cover pastedown, upper right corner in brown ink: MS. Hebr. N0 45. Front flyleaf, recto, upper right corner in brown ink: n0 3. Sticker on the spine: 45, and on the spine and back pastedown: Cod.hebr. 50 (current signature). Front pastedown, on the exlibris in plummet: Cod.hebr. 50 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Lange 1980 י' ש' לנגה, "לזהותו של רבי חיים פלטיאל", עלי ספר, ח' (תש"ם):140-146 (Y. Sh. Lange, "On the Identification of R. Hayyim Paltiel", Alei Sefer, 8 (1980):140-146. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |