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Obj. ID: 20945
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Commentaries, Venice, c.1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

Summary and Remarks

Meir appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 11, 15, 23, 26, 27, 29, 31, 44, 47, 49, 50, 54, 56, 58, 59; Scribe17 inBSB Cod.hebr. 8, 26, 42, 46, 51, 60, 65; and Eliezer in BSB Cod.hebr. 45, 47, 55, 59, 60, 64, 65, 66.

6 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Fugger's Venetian Commentaries | Unknown
Object
Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
c.1552
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 39 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 39)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, 1 + 380 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: (337-338) x (240-241) mm.
Text space: Meir: (223-227) x (131-135) mm.
Scribe 17: (239-241) x (130-132) mm.
Eliezer: (236-237) x (147-150) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
1. Super commentary on Averroes' Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Organon (פרוש על הביאור האמצעי לספרי ההגיון) by Levi ben Gershom (fols. 1-79): beginsאמר לוי בן גרשום לאל ראית כזה לבאר קצורי בן רשד בספרי ההגיון. Includes Porphyry's Isagoge (ספר המבוא), Categories (מאמרות) and De Interpretatione (המליצות). On fol. 80r is an incorrect title: ספר המאמרות לאריסטו. 2. Anonymous Commentary on Avicenna's Canon, Book I (fols. 81-194v): beginsהפרק הראשון בכוחות המשיגים הכח הנפשי (Steinschneider 1893:690-691). 3. Aron ha-Edut (ארון העדות; Ark of Testimony) by Judah ben Joseph Alcorsono (fols. 195-378v): begins מאמר ארון העדות שחיבר הרב הפילוסוף ר' יהודא בר' יוסף בן אלכרסאני... אם תשאלה על מחזה סודות נבואה או חלום.
Codicology
Scribes
Meir (Scribe A*): fols. 1-79 in brown ink. Scribe 17** (Scribe B): fols. 80-194v in brown ink. Eliezer (Scribe C): fols. 195-378v in brown ink. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered.
Script
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi (Meir and Eliezer) and Italian (Scribe 17) script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page, mostly in one column.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 194.
Pricking
None.
Quires
47 quires of 8 leaves each, except for XXIV12. Quire composition: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17-24); IV8 (25-32); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII8 (49-56); VIII8 (57-64); IX8 (65-72); X8 (73-79a); XI8 (80-87); XII8 (88-95); XIII8 (96-103); XIV8 (104-111); XV8 (112-119); XVI8 (120-127); XVII8 (128-135); XVIII8 (136-143); XIX8 (144-151); XX8 (152-159); XXI8 (160-167); XXII8 (168-175); XXIII8 (176-183); XXIV12 (184-194a); XXV8 (195-202); XXVI8 (203-210); XXVII8 (211-218); XXVIII8 (219-226); XXIX8 (227-234); XXX8 (235-242); XXXI8 (243-250); XXXII8 (251-258); XXXIII8 (259-266); XXXIV8 (167-274); XXXV8 (275-282); XXXVI8 (283-290); XXXVII8 (291-298); XXXVIII8 (299-306); XXXIX8 (307-314); XL8 (315-322); XLI8 (323-330); XLII8 (331-338); XLIII8 (339-346); XLIV8 (347-354); XLV8 (355-362); XLVI8 (363-370); XLVII8 (371-378).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 79v, 79a-79a verso, 80v, 194a-194a verso, 195v.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None.
Scribal Notes
None.
Watermark
Watermarks: 'A' with a curl on its right in the outer corner of the folio (22 mm; e.g. fols. 2, 20, 22): Harlfinger, Ancre 40 (1548); a trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 80, 83, 198): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Dark green leather on wooden boards (339 x233 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed פירושים, and below are the letters MMMM. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has three hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

 

This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 19, 27, 33, 42, 47, 51, 55, 59, 61, 65, 66.

 

Watermarks on flyleaves: None.

Decoration Program

The decoration was executed by Meir:

  1. Decorated title page (fol. 1).
  2. Decorated captions and initial words (e.g. fols. 2, 19v, 48).
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Front flyleaf, verso: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1a: פירוש רבינו לוי בן גרשום לקצורי/ אבן רשד בספרי ההגיון לארסטוט/ ספר המאמרות לאריסטוטלוס/ מאמר ארון העדות שחבר הרב/ רבינו יוסף הכהן ז"ל. Below it, on the left by Librarian 3: Perusch rabenu Leui ben gerschom likzuri\ Aebaen reschad besiphre hahigaion Aristotlos.\ Sephaer hamaemaros le Aristotlos.\ Maemar aeron haedus schaehibar harau\ rabenu Ioseph hacohen sal.\ Id est\ Rabi Ioseph Sacerdotis. On the right: Rabi Leui filij Gerschom cometaria\ in Dialecticam Aristotelis.\ Liber in Medicina (Hamaemoros vocatus)\ Aristotels Sermonum in medic.\ Tractatus Aron Aedus arcae faederis seu\ testimonij. Front pastedown, on the exlibris in plummet: contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over the earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). Old signatures: Back cover, upper part in black ink: St. 9 n0 8 (second signature of Fugger's library). Front pastedown, upper right corner: MS. Hebr. 34. Front flyleaf, recto, upper left corner in black ink: n0. 14. Spine, on sticker: 74; and on spine and back pastedown: Cod.hebr. 39 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1893 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Übersetzungen des Mittelalters und die Juden als Dolmetscher, Berlin 1893. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.