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Obj. ID: 20919
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Fifth Miscellany on Kabbalah, Venice, c.1549

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

Summary and Remarks

Yaakov ben Yosef appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 17, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 43, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 62, 73; Scribe6 inBSB Cod.hebr. 48, 12, 23, 24, 62; Scribe8 inBSB Cod.hebr. 58.

3 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Fugger's Fifth Venetian Miscellany on Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
c.1549
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 22 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 22)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, 4 + 239 + 4 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: (351-352) x (244-245) mm.
Text space: Yaakov ben Yosef: (237-239) x (135-136) mm.
Scribe 6: (237-238) x (135-137) mm.
Scribe 8: (237-238) x (141-142) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
1. Commentary on Sefer Yezirah (פירוש ספר יצירה; Commentary on the Book of Creation) (fols. 1'-69): begins בשלשים ושתים נתיבות פליאות ... בית בשלשים כמו בית של בראשית. In printed editions it was attributed to Abraham ben David Posquières (הראב"ד), but according to Scholem (Scholem 1927/28:286-289) the true author is Joseph ben Solomon Ashkenazi. Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 115 (fols. 10-68v); BSB Cod.hebr. 92 (fragment; fols. 16v-18). 1st ed. Mantua 1562. 2. Otiyyot de-Rabbi Akiva (אותיות דרבי עקיבא; Letters of Rabbi Akiva) (fols. 70-104): begins אמר ר’ עקיבא אילו עשרים ושתים אותיות שבהן נתנה כל התורה לשבטי ישורון. Includes two versions, firstly version B (fols. 70-79) and then version A (fols. 79v-104) (cf. Eisenstein 1915:408-431). 3. Sefer Ha-Mishkal (ספר המשקל; lit. The Book of Scale) by Moses ben Shem Tov de Leon (fols. 104-148v): begins בראותי ידיד נפשי תאות נפשך להכנס בסוד נפלאות. It includes secrets of zizzit and tefillin from Joseph Gikatilla's שער חלק יסוד דת קיום האמונה (fols. 126v-148v) as in its printed edition Basel 1608. Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 56 (fols. 157v-180v) from Fugger's Venetian group; BSB Cod.hebr. 341 (fols. 200-217v) which belonged to Domenico Grimani and later to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter; BSB Cod.hebr. 129 belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter. 4. Hekhalot Rabbati and Zutarti (היכלות רבתי וזוטרתי; lit. Large and Small Palaces) (fols. 149-165): begins אמר רבי ישמעאל מה אילו השירות שהיה אומר (Schäfer 1981:IX; Schäfer 1988:17; Gottlieb 1976:100). Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 40 (fols. 79-138v) from Fugger's Venetian group. 5. Ma'aseh Bereshit (מעשה בראשית; The Procedure of Creation) (fols. 165-179v): begins בראשית ברא אלהים אל תיקרהו בראשית. Printed in The Book of Raziel (Amsterdam 1701; see also Schäfer 1981:XVI-XVII; Scholem 1924/25:284-285). 6. Sefer ha-Zeruf (ספר הצרוף; The Book of Permutations) attributed to Abraham Abulafia (fols. 181-225v): begins בין אחי חכמת ממתקים (Idel 1976:32, 81, 85, 112). 7. Collection of short kabbalistic treatises and notes (fols. 225v-227): begins פרק כ"א מספר המנורה (see Steinschneider 1895:9). 8. Fragment of kabbalistic treatise by Abraham Gikatilla (fols. 227-229): begins דע כי כחות העליונים (Gottlieb 1976:99-100; Idel 1976:89-90). 9. Commentary on ten Sefirot (fols. 229v-230): begins דע כי כל יחיד ומיוחד (Scholem 1933/34:507 no. 80; Scholem 1924/25:284-285). 10. Commentary on the Divine Name of 72 letters (fols. 230-232v): begins והו בגי' ביה כאמרו כי ביה.
Codicology
Scribes
Yaakov ben Yosef (Scribe A*): fols. 1'-70, 181-232v in dark brown ink. Scribe 6** (Scribe B): 71-148 in dark brown ink. Scribe 8 (Scribe C): 149-180v in light brown ink. Interpolator 1** (Interpolator A*): fol. 171v (lines 18: ולמעלה ...-30). The text was proofread by Yaakov for his section and by the corrector of Fugger's group (only for the section by Yaakov, e.g. fol. 10v). * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote the anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered.
Script
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 (Yaakov and Scribe 8), 29-30 (Scribe 6) lines per page in one column.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus and in plummet (only for the title pages, e.g. fol. 70, and for the leaves of Scribe 8); 1+1 vertical and 30 horizontal lines (e.g. fol. 233).
Pricking
None.
Quires
21 quires of 12 leaves each, except for V10, VII14, IX10, X14, XIII6, XIV10, XV14+1, XVI8, XXI8. Quire composition: I12 (1'-11); II12 (12-23); III12 (24-35); IV12 (36-47); V10 (48-57); VI12 (58-69); VII14 (70-82a); VIII12 (83-94); IX10 (95-104); X14 (105-118); XI12 (119-130); XII12 (131-142); XIII6 (143-148); XIV10 (149-158); XV14+1 (159-173); XVI8 (174-180a); XVII12 (181-192); XVIII12 (193-204); XIX12 (205-216); XX12 (217-228); XXI8 (229-233 233a, 233b, 233c).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribes.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1'v, 69v, 70v, 82a-82a verso, 148v, 180a-180a verso, 181v.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None.
Scribal Notes
None.
Watermark
Watermarks: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; fol. 1, 25, 49, 84, 135, 225): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Green leather turned brown on wooden boards (350 x 236 mm); gold-tooled similarly on front and back with a central roundel within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. As a result of an error the binding is upside-down and opens from the back. The front roundel is inscribed CABALA upside-down with the letter G below. The back roundel is inscribed קבלה upside-down and the letter ז below. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the back cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two groups on the side edge and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the front cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails on the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

 

This binding was made for Fugger by Andrea di Lorenzo inVenice(Hobson 1999:111-112). Similar bindings in BSB: Cod.hebr. 40, 11, 17, 24, 52, 54 and e.g. BSB Cod.gr. 21, 39.

 

Watermarks on flyleaves: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; front cover third flyleaf): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).

Decoration Program

The decoration is executed by Yaakov ben Yosef:

Decorated titles (fols. 1', 70, 181). For similar titles, captions and initial words see:

BSB Cod.hebr. 10, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 15, fol. 245; Cod.hebr. 17, fol. 169; Cod.hebr. 24, fols. 165, 213;

Cod.hebr. 32, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 40, fols. 160, 161, 219, 219v; Cod.hebr. 48, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 52, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 62, fols. 1, 183.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: The numbering of the different texts according to Fugger’s librarians in this manuscript does not correspond to their actual number: N0 1: fols. 1'-69; N0 2: fols. 70-104; N0 3: fols. 104-148v; N0 4; fols. 149-165; N0 5: fols. 165-179v; N0 6: fols. 225v-232v. Front third flyleaf, verso: Contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a: פירוש ספר יצירה עם החכמה/ הגדולה הקבלה/ אותיות דרבי עקיבא/ קבלה דרבי ישמאל/ צרופים על דרך הקבלה. Contents in Hebrew in Latin characters in brown ink by Librarian 1a: Perush sepher ijzira im hahachma\ hagdola hakabala\ Othios deribi aekiva\ Kabala deribi Iischmael\ Ziruphim al derech hakabala. Contents in Latin by Librarian 2: Commentarius in librum Ietzira\ liber cabalisticus\ Rabi Aekiua Othios.i. de literis.\ R. Ismaelis Maase Marcaua et\ maase Bereschi.\Ziruphim. de combinationibus\ cabalisticus. Exlibris, in plummet: Contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Inside front cover: exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (230 x 155 mm) with arms of the Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab). On fol. 232v there is a modern oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Signatures: Front cover in black ink, upside-down: Stat. 8 n. 29 (second signature of Fugger's library is erased). Front cover in black ink: 2. n. 44 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front cover third flyleaf, verso, in red ink: 2. 44 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Spine, on the sticker in brown ink: 110. Inside front cover, on exlibris, in plummet: Cod.hebr. 22 (Current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Eisenstein 1915 י"ד אייזענשטיין, אוצר המדרשים, חלק ב, ניו יורק תרע"ה (I. D. Eisenstein, The Midrash Treasure, II, New York 1915). Gottlieb 1976 א' גוטליב, מחקרים בספרות הקבלה, תל אביב תשל"ו (E. Gottlieb, Research on the Kabbalistic Literature, Tel Aviv 1976). Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Idel 1976 מ' אידל, כתבי ר' אברהם אבולפיה ומשנתו, ירושלים תשל"ו(M. Idel, Writings of R. Abraham Abulafia and his Teaching, Ph.D. thesis, Jerusalem 1976). Schäfer 1981 P. Schäfer, Synopse zur Hekhalot-Literatur, Tübingen 1981. Schäfer 1988 P. Schäfer, Hekhalot Studien, Tübingen 1988. Scholem 1924/25 ג' שולם, "הערות ותקונים לרשימת כתבי היד שבמינכן (כתבי יד בקבלה)", קרית ספר א (תרפ"ד-תרפ"ה): 284-293 (G. Scholem, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the list of the Manuscripts in Munich (Kabbalistic Manuscripts)", Kiryat Sefer 1 (1924-1925):284-293). Scholem 1927/28 ג’ שלום, ".....חסר......", קרית ספר ד (תרפ"ז-תרפ"ח):286-289(G. Scholem, ".............. ", Kiryat Sefer 4 (1927-1928):286-289). Scholem 1933/34 ג' שולם, "מפתח לפירושים על עשר ספירות", קרית ספר י (תרצ"ג- תרצ"ד):498-515 (G. Scholem, "Index to the Commentaries on the Ten Sefirot", Kiryat Sefer 10 (1933-1934):498-515). Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Minchen 1895.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2014
Author of description
Ilona Steimann Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2014; 2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.