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Obj. ID: 12150
Jewish Funerary Art
  Old Cemetery around the Remu Synagogue in Kraków, Poland

© Amalia Reisenthel, Photographer: Budziszewski, Jerzy, 1987

According to ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, the cemetery is located between Szeroka and Jakuba Streets, in the immediate vicinity of the Remah Synagogue, and covers a plot shaped like a letter L, with an area of approximately 0.78 hectares. The cemetery – called Remu from the acronym for “Rabbi Moshe Isserles” (רבי משה איסרלש) – was established in the first half of the 16th century. The plot was purchased in 1533 and the kehilla received permission from the king and city authorities to establish a cemetery in the same year. The first burials took place in 1551, during the plague epidemic. Local rabbis buried in the cemetery include: Mosze Isserles (Remu, died 1572), Mordechaj, son of Szmuel Margulies (died 1616), Natan Nate Spira (died 1633), Gerszon Saul Jomtow Heller (died 1654), and Joel, son of Szmuel Sirkes (died 1640). In 1799, for sanitary reasons, the Court of Western Galicia ordered the cemetery to be closed. In the 19th century, intermittent burials took place there. During World War II, the Remu cemetery was partially damaged. In 1959, several hundred tombstones were discovered under the layer of soil during archaeological excavations. Less damaged stelae and sarcophagi were placed vertically (most of them in places not related to the actual places of burial). Fragments of tombstones were attached to the cemetery wall. In 1961, the Minister of Municipal Economy signed an order to close the cemetery. Since 1988, the cemetery has been gradually restored. Currently, there are 711 tombstones in the cemetery, the oldest of which dates to the 16th century. The area is surrounded with a 2 m stone fence and regularly cleaned up. The owner of the cemetery is the Jewish Community in Kraków. The facility is listed in the Register of Immovable Monuments of the Małopolskie Voivodeship.

Date of oldest tombstone: 1552
Date of newest tombstone: 1850
Perimeter length: 529 metres

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

13 image(s)

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Name/Title
Old Cemetery around the Remu Synagogue in Kraków | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1533 (established), 1551 (first burials)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
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Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Shape / Form
Unknown
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Colors
Construction material
Measurements
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Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
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Number of Lines
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Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
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Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
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Group
Group
Group
Group
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Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
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Sources
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |