Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 44697
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Venetian Miscellany, Venice, 1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

For the full scan of the manuscript, see the website of the Bavarian State Library.

Summary and Remarks

Yishai ben Yehiel appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58,

62, 64, 68; Scribe 25 in BSB Cod.hebr. 68; Scribe 26 in this manuscript only.


1 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Venetian Miscellany | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 28 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 28)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 560 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: 345 x (235-240) mm. Text space: Yishai ben Yehiel: (235-237) x (136-140) mm. Scribe 25: (241-242) x (140-143) mm. Scribe 26: (240-241) x (137-139) mm.
Panel Measurements

Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.

Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating

1. Commentary on the Pentateuch (Genesis) (פרוש התורה לרד"ק) by David ben Joseph Kimhi (fols. 1-110): begins בראשית ברא אלהים ... וגו' מלת בראשית איננה סמוכה כמו בראשית ממלכת יהויקים.

2. Commentary on the Pentateuch (פירוש התורה) by Jacob of Vienna (fols. 111-191): begins בטוב אגרא אתחיל ראשית .. אמר ר' יצחק לא היה צריך להתחיל .

3. Sitrei Torah (סתרי תורה; Secrets of the Torah) by Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 192-265): begins בטוב אגרא אתחיל ... סתרי תורה מקור חיים . Other copies inMunich: BSB Cod.hebr. 11 (fols. 323v-329); BSB Cod.hebr. 33 (fols. 1-71); BSB Cod.hebr. 56 (fols. 61-129v). All from Fugger’s Venetian group.

4. Imrei Shefer (אמרי שפר; lit. The Words of Beauty) by Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 265v-277r): begins זה רמז נסתר והוא השעם אכתוב אמרי שפר נתנו עצה לדעת סוד . Another copy inMunich: BSB Cod.hebr. 40 (fols. 219-277v) is from Fugger’s Venetian group.  

5. Siddur (סדור; Prayer Book) by Rashi (fols. 278-412v): beginsבטוב אגרא אתחיל ...  אחל לכתוב בעזרת היוצר הרים וגבעות סדרים של רבינו שלמה ופסקי הלכות.

6. Ba’al Kenafayim (בעל כנפיים; The Winged One) by Joseph ben Hayyim Hacohen (fols. 413-551): begins בטוב אגרא אתחיל ... אחל לכתוב ספר שמו בעל כנפיים .


Columns: The text is written mainly in one column.

Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe A*): fols. 1-110. Interpolator A*: fol. 43 (lines 2-20). Scribe 25** (Scribe B): fols. 111-355v, 413-541v, 545v-551. Interpolator B: fols. 542-545. Scribe 26 (Scribe C): fols. 356-412v. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the scribes in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered.
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (e.g. fols. 220 and 277).
56 quires of 12, 8, and 10 leaves each, except for XLII6. Quire structure: I12 (1'-11); II12 (12-23); III12 (24-35); IV12 (36-47); V12 (48-59); VI12 (60-71); VII12 (72-83); VIII12 (84-95); IX12 (96-107); X8 (108-110, 110a-e); XI10 (111-120); XII10 (121-130); XIII10 (131-141; 137 is missing, wrongly numbered as 136, 138); XIV10 (142-151); XV10 (152-161); XVI10 (162-171); XVII10 (172-181); XVIII10 (182-191); XIX8 (192-199); XX8 (200-207); XXI8 (208-215); XXII8 (216-223); XXIII8 (224-231); XXIV8 (232-239); XXV8 (240-247); XXVI8 (248-254; a leaf between 250 and 251 is unnumbered); XXVII8 (255-262); XXVIII8 (263-270); XXIX8 (271-277a); XXX10 (278-287); XXXI10 (288-297); XXXII10 (298-308; 306 is omitted, the leaf being wrongly numbered 305, the next 307); XXXIII10 (309-318); XXXIV10 (319-328); XXXV10 (329-338); XXXVI10 (339-348); XXXVI10 (349-358); XXXVII10 (359-368); XXXVIII10 (369-378); XXXIX10 (379-388); XL10 (389-397; two leaves are numbered as 390); XLI10 (398-407); XLII6 (408-412a); XLIII10 (413-422); XLIV10 (423-432); XLV10 (433-442); XLVI10 (443-452); XLVII10 (453-462); XLVIII10 (463-472); XLIX10 (473-482); L10 (483-492); LI10 (493-502); LII10 (503-511; a leaf between 503 and 504 is unnumbered); LIII10 (512-522; number 519 is omitted, the leaf being wrongly numbered 518, the next 520); LIV10 (523-531; two leaves are both numbered 524); LV10 (532-541); LVI10 (542-551).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text, in semi-cursive script by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1', 110v, 110a-110a verso, 110b-110b verso, 110c-110c verso, 110d-110d verso, 110e-110e verso, 111v, 191v, 277a verso, 278v, 412a-412a verso, 551v.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year


Scribal Notes


'A' (18 mm; e.g. fols. 3, 6, 12, 28, 110a) or 'B' (24 mm; e.g. fols. 110b, 110c) in the outer corner of the folio. Counter mark: 'B' between the tips of crossed arrows forming an X at the centre of the folio (66 mm; e.g. fols. 1, 191, 462, 462a): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Flèche 35 and 41 (1550, 1547);
a circle divided by an extended diameter with an X at the top (fols. 111, 265, 277, 278, 355, 412a, 413, 435, 481, 551): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Cercle 9 and 52 (Venice 1515 and 1548).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather on wooden boards (350 x323 mm); gold-tooled with an empty central roundel on the

front cover. Below it are the letters: KKKKK and IIIII. On the back cover the roundel encloses a shield. Both roundels are within an undulating lozenge within a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the back cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two groups on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the front cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails on the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

This binding was made for Fugger by Anton Ludwig in Venice (Hobson 1999:129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 20, 28, 43, 46, 49, 68, 73, Cod.gr. 78.

Watermarks of the last flyleaf: none.

Decoration Program


Suggested Reconsdivuction

Owners' inscriptions: None.

Inscriptions of librarians and researchers:

Fol. 1'v: Contents in Hebrew in brownish-black ink by Librarian 1a:

פירוש על ספר בראשית/ פשטים ופרושים על חמשה/ חומשי תורה ממהר"ר יעקב/ מווינא ספר סתרי תורה/ מקור חיים גם ספר שמו/ בעל כנפיים/ סדרים של רבינו שלמה/ ופסקי הלכות.

Below this, on the left, in the same ink by Librarian 3: Perusch al sephar bereschis\/ pshathim vperuschim al\ hemischa humsche tora\ mimaherar Iacou me\ Vienna\ Sephaer sisre tora mekor\ haim: gam sephaer nikra\ Schemo baal Kenaphaim.\ Commentarius super librum qui vocatur Bereschis.\ R. Jacob Viennensis comentarius Super Pentateuchum.\ Sedarim schael rabenu/ Schloma Vpiske halachos.\ Rabi Salomonis Decisiones Iuris.\ Talmudicus tractatus.\ Liber Baal knaphaim, de Reuolutionibus et combinationibus\ literarum. 

Front pastedown, on paper stuck to the pastedown: notes on the contents of the manuscript in German in brown ink by S. Weil.

At the lower part of the pastedown in plummet: contents in German.

Exlibris and stamps: Front wooden board, inner side: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (230 x155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab).

Old signatures:

Front cover, middle lower part, in black ink, upside-down: St. 8 N0 4 (signature of Fugger's library).

Front cover, right lower part in brown ink: 2. n0. 43 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature).

Fol. 1'v, lower middle part in red ink: 2. 43 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583).

Fol. 1'v, upper right corner in brown ink: MS Hebr. 24.

Spine, in black and brown ink on three stickers: 24, ?09 and 28.

Main Surveys & Excavations

Dressler 1972   F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.

Harlfinger 1974-80   D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980.

Hobson 1999   A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings,Cambridge 1999.

Sirat and Dukan, unpublished   C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished.

Steinschneider 1895   M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.

Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015 | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |