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Obj. ID: 9656
Jewish Architecture
  Synagogue in Alessandria - prayer hall
To the main object: Synagogue in Alessandria, Italy

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Arshavsky, Zoya, 2008

The large rectangular prayer hall is now directed on a north-south axis, reached through a door, set in the east- north corner and is three floors high. It is divided into two broad spaces by an arcade of Neo-Gothic columns, situated along the northern side, and supporting two women's galleries built in a double-story. 

The Torah Ark in the southern wall is set on the back of a central large niche adorned by a cupola. Originally, it was part of the Nizza Monferatto synagogue and it was adjusted to this synagogue after WWII. An arch supported by four golden columns is adorned by an open curtain made in stucco. A large rounded platform, surrounded with a wooden fence is built in front of the façade, on which the bimah is standing. Two large candelabra and a Hanukkah lamp are placed within the platform. The niche is flanked by double storied galleries that hold an organ to the west and a storeroom, to the east. The ceiling is decorated with a cartouche enclosing a rich floral decoration, all made in stucco and surrounded by frames that follow its shape. The contiguous spaces border the prayer hall from its eastern side. On the second floor there is a Talmud Torah (a classroom), and an inner courtyard, used for Sukkot.

Besides the façade and the new inner décor, during the renovation of 1867 the synagogue liturgical focuses were reset, and were placed in different directions. The former original arrangement was a broad house structure, where the ark was located in the centre of the western wall. It is not yet known, whether the bimah was built in the center or in the opposite eastern wall. The changes relating to the new placement of the bimah became common all over the region during the middle of the nineteenth century, as described above. Yet, the changes of the position of the Torah Ark, creating an elongated structure is not typical though it also occurred in the Oratorio Israelitico in Casale Monferrato built in 1595, and renovated after the emancipation. The connections between the renovations of the two synagogues were not yet established.

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Name/Title
Synagogue in Alessandria, prayer hall | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
187?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Italy | Piedmont | Alessandria
| Via Milano 5/7
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.