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Obj. ID: 9307
Jewish Architecture
  New Ashkenazi Synagogue in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2013

The New Synagogue, or ‘Neie Sjoel’, was constructed in 1750/52 on the location of an earlier but much smaller synagogue, dating back to 1730, and three private homes. The design of the New Synagogue has been attributed to G. F. Maybaum and is designed in a sense similar to the Grote Synagoge but is somewhat larger and is adorned with a large dome. The square-shaped layout of the building is divided into three aisles, with vaulted ceilings and four large columns. The galleries are located alongside the side walls of the building, thereby emphasizing the axis of the Torah Ark. The square shape of the building, on the other hand, is accentuated by the light entering from the centrally located dome on top of the hipped roof.

The front façade does not directly correspond with the layout of the building as the main entrance could not be placed in the same axis as the Torah Ark. The entrance itself contains several classical elements such as the cornice and Ionic pillars. The inscription above the entrance refers to Psalm 14:7, Psalm 118:20 and shows the Hebrew date [5]513 (or, 1753 CE). The façade of the upper floor contains large rounded arch windows while smaller windows are located on the main floor.

The interior was heavily damaged during the Second World War after which the furniture including the bimah, Torah ark, menorahs, chandeliers went missing. The interior has now been transformed to a museum space as part of the Jewish Historical Museum.

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16 image(s)

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Name/Title
New Ashkenazi Synagogue in Amsterdam | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1750-1752
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| Jonas Daniël Meijerplein 4 | 1011 RH
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Museum
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
B (Fair)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
3 (National)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
J.F. van Agt & E. van Voolen, Synagogen in Nederland (Amsterdam, 1988); Edward van Voolen and Paul Meijer, Synagogen van Nederland (Amsterdam, 2005), p. 45 with ill.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Remy Arkenbosch | 2018
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.