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Obj. ID: 9004
Jewish Architecture
  Synagogue in Groningen, The Netherlands

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2002

The monumental synagogue, designed by Tj. Kuipers and Y. van der Veen, was built on the site of a former synagogue (dated ca. 1756/57) and was consecrated in 1906. The layout of the synagogue contained three aisles, a clerestory, side galleries and a semicircular apse in which the Torah ark was located. The architectural style of the building can be defined as oriental and was influenced by the architecture of Berlage, especially with regards to the combined use of brick and natural stone details. The front façade contains a tondo window, featuring tracery in the shape of the Star of David. The main entrance includes a Hebrew inscription referring to Deuteronomy 28:6 and the date 5666 (1906 CE).

Two large towers, square in shape at the lower part and octagonal at the upper part, are positioned at the side of the front façade and flank the main entrance. Both towers are topped by a dome. The main oriental features of the synagogue not only include the design of the towers but also the horseshoe-shaped arches on the exterior and the apse and the arcades of the interior. On top of that, the stained-glass windows depict the column arcade of the thirteenth century synagogue of Toledo.

The interior of the synagogue includes a wooden barrel-vaulted ceiling situated between the columns. The women’s gallery can be found along three sides of the building.

The synagogue was closed in the year 1942. After the Second World Wat, the Jewish religious services resumed until 1952. The building was subsequently sold and used as a space for laundry and dry-cleaning services, a church and, lastly as a space for meeting rooms. In 1976, the municipality of Groningen bought the building. The interior which was subjected to the many changes of the use of the building, was renovated by the architect A. Th. Dubbeling in 1980/81.

In 1981, the building was again consecrated and used as a proper synagogue. The building is also used for cultural activities by the Stichting Folkingestraat Synagoge.

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19 image(s)

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Name/Title
Synagogue in Groningen | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1905-1906
Synagogue active dates
Until 1952, from 1981
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
The Netherlands | Groningen
| Folkingestraat 60 | 9711 JX
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Synagogue
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
C (Poor)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
3 (National)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Coordinates: 53.214794, 6.565519
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
http://jck.nl/en/node/1075

Edward van Voolen and Paul Meijer, Synagogen van Nederland (Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 2006)
J.F. van Agt and Edward van Voolen, Synagogen in Nederland (Hilversum: Gooi and Sticht, 1988)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Remy Arkenbosch | 2018
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.