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Obj. ID: 8981
Jewish Architecture
  Kloyz of Shamashim in Vabalninkas, Lithuania

© “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” Archives, Photographer: Vedeikaitė, Ieva, 2006

The kloyz was built in the late 19th century, probably after 1883. In 1915 it burnt down, but was restored between 1916 and 1918. In the Soviet period the former kloyz was converted into a bathhouse, which operates today.

In 2006 the former kloyz was a structure of plastered brick masonry, covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The ground plan is rectangular; the former prayer hall is separated from the vestibule and the first-floor women’s section by a transverse wall. The building was heated by stoves; a redbrick chimney has survived. The corners of the façades are emphasized by lesenes; the longer northeastern and southwestern façades are crowned with a molded cornice, while on the shorter ones, horizontal stringcourses separate triangular gables from the lower register of the façade. On the northeastern façade, three round-headed windows of the prayer hall are framed with molded surrounds (the arched parts of the windows are bricked up). The two-storey part of the façade contains a rectangular doorway; two segment-headed windows, now blocked, are positioned above it, framed with molded surrounds. The southwestern façade is similar, except for the three roundheaded windows, which have no surrounds. The segmentheaded windows of the two-storey part are bricked up and their contours can be seen beneath the plaster; there is a rectangular doorway on the ground floor. Only two out of presumably four windows of the prayer hall have survived on the southeastern façade, and both are bricked up. One of them retains its original round-headed form. Similarly, only two windows on the upper floor have survived on the northwestern façade; one of them preserves its original segment-headed form. The northwestern gable contains a rectangular window, and there are two narrow rectangular windows in the southeastern one. These narrow windows were originally wider and segmentheaded, as can be seen in the attic. The interiors have been destroyed.

40 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Kloyz of Shamashim in Vabalninkas | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1883-1900?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
1916--1919; after 1945
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Coordinates: 55.979908, 24.748360
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Joint project of the catalogue of Lithuanian synagogue, CJA, Vilnius Academy of Art, Center for Jewish Studies in Vilnius;

Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 141;

Pinkas Lita p. 215;

Yad Va-Shem Archives - archives of images, №43670


Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.