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Obj. ID: 8889
Jewish Architecture
  Great Kloyz in Kėdainiai - photos of 2000

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, 2000

The Great Kloyz was built in the late 1870s, in a Neo-Classicist style, and renovated in the late 1920s.61 Judging from the interwar photograph, it did not undergo significant changes.

The building is based on a rhomboid ground plan and is built of plastered brick, decorated by rustic work and covered with a half-hipped tin roof. On its northwestern side was a two-storey wooden annex, probably housing the staircase to the women’s section. Currently there is a smaller brick entrance annex under a lean-to roof, which houses a lobby and a staircase.

All façades of the building are rusticated, as well as the corner lesenes and those dividing the side façades in two bays. The bays corresponding to the prayer hall on the side façades and the southeastern façade have four tall, segment-headed windows each. They are framed with molded plaster framings and decorated with fielded panels beneath the sills. The central pier of the southeastern façade, matching the interior placement of the Torah ark, is marked with a blind window. This façade is topped by a jerkinhead. In its center are two roundheaded windows within a molded pointed framing, which symbolize the Tablets of the Law. Small semicircular windows are situated on either side.

 

The jerkinhead of the opposite, northwestern façade is pierced by a wide tripartite round-headed window in the central part, lower round-headed windows on its sides and small semicircular windows flanking the group. The visible parts of this northwestern façade and the two-storey bays of the side facades have rectangular windows, decorated with a plaster panel under the sills. On the side façades they are grouped three to each storey, while on the northwest there are only two such windows flanking the central annex. The kloyz’s inner space underwent minor changes. The prayer hall is lit by twelve windows; its walls are crowned with a molded cornice. The ceiling is decorated with diagonal coffers; some of them contain paterae. The partition between the women’s section and the prayer hall contains eight small segment-headed openings. The wooden ceiling of the women’s section has a curtain-like cross section.

In 1993 the building was restored and returned to the Jewish community. In 2007 the former kloyz housed a construction materials depot; its major part is used for storage.

5 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Great Kloyz in Kėdainiai | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1870s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
1920s, 1993, 2020
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Kaunas County | Kėdainiai
| 5а (former 13) Smilgos St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Under reconstruction
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
B (Fair)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
2 (Regional)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
2000, 2007
Bibliography

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.