Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 8872
Jewish Architecture
  Hasidic Kloyz in Kaunas, Lithuania

© “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” Archives, Photographer: Kazakauskaitė, Evelina, 2006

The Hasidic kloyz was built in 1880. In 1929 engineer Noach-Ber Joffė made a design for a small brick shop annexed to it, which apparently was not built.

The kloyz has an irregularly T-shaped ground plan. Its basement is situated on the southern side. Its eastern part contained the prayer hall lit by twelve windows, while the wider two-storey western part contained a vestibule and the women’s section. The structure is built of red brick, plastered, and covered with a gable roof of asbestos sheets. The irregular ground plan was determined by the form of the plot, situated at the intersection of two streets.

The western façade of the kloyz is symmetrical, bearing simple Neo-Renaissance décor. Four lesenes which terminate with small turrets divide it into three parts. The wide middle part has five bays and is crowned with a triangular gable containing a small semicircular window. This part is flanked by two side bays topped by triangular pediments. Three doorways are situated in the center and side bays of the façade, each of which contains one window on its upper floor. The windows of the ground floor and the basement are rectangular, and those of the upper floor are round-headed. Each one is placed inside a slightly protruding arch, resting on small pilasters and surmounted by a cornice. The window sills of the ground and first floor are connected by horizontal stringcourses, another stringcourse separates the floors. Currently, the façade preserves its original appearance with minor transformations: the central and the northern doorways were converted into windows; one of the two basement windows is bricked up; the semicircular part of the first-floor windows is bricked up, too.

The eastern façade, crowned by a gable, had a symmetrical composition, with a blind middle part, indicating the interior placement of the Torah ark, and four round-headed windows on either side. Currently the windows are rectangular, although their arched heads are discernible. One window is bricked up, and another converted into a door.

The northern façade facingAntano Mackevičiaus Streethas an eastern part corresponding to the prayer hall and a two-storey western part with a two-tier extension, which makes up the northern side bay of the main façade. On the eastern part of the façade there were four round-headed windows of the prayer hall, which are now bricked up. The northern wall of the extension is blank, but a door is situated in its eastern wall.

The southern façade has a basement and a two-storey extension, which makes up the southern side bay of the main façade. The basement, with a door and four small rectangular windows, is separated by a horizontal stringcourse. Four round-headed windows of the prayer hall are currently converted into rectangular windows. The southern wall of the extension has two small rectangular windows in the upper tier, and a door is situated in its eastern wall.

The original layout and elements of the interior of the kloyz have partly survived. In the center of the almost square prayer hall there is a raised octagonal bimah, surrounded

by four pairs of columns supporting a cornice, on which the wooden ceiling rests. The ceiling is decorated with moldings, which connect the entrance, the bimah, and the site of the Torah ark and thereby stress the main east-west axis on both sides of the bimah.

Today (2009) the building of the former Hasidic kloyz is in poor condition; it houses the sculpture studios of the Kaunas Art Faculty of the Vilnius Academy of Arts.

255 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hasidic Kloyz in Kaunas | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1880
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Kaunas County | Kaunas
| 6 Gimnazijos St. - 2 Antano Mackevičiaus St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Educational Institution
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
C (Poor)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style

Interior layout partially preserved.

Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
3 (National)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
East
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
2006
Bibliography

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.