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Obj. ID: 8870
Jewish Architecture
  Butchers' Synagogue in Kaunas, Lithuania

© “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” Archives, Photographer: Kazakauskaitė, Evelina, 2006

The Butcher’s Synagogue, situated in a courtyard, was built in the second half of the 19th century and its western part was probably reconstructed in the interwar period. It is a plastered brick building, with an almost square prayer hall in the east and a western two-storey part housing the women’s section. Presumably, the prayer hall was lit by twelve windows. The most elaborate is the eastern façade of the prayer hall, which is arranged symmetrically with five high pointed arches. The arches are stressed by a protruding molding and another molding resting on consoles. Presumably there were four pointed windows, and the central arch was blind, indicating the position of the Torah ark in the interior. Currently two southern windows are bricked up, while two northern windows reach ground level. A similar window is situated currently in the central arch. The corners of the eastern façade are chamfered in their lower part. The southern façade of the prayer hall has four pointed windows void of decoration, and the northern one has two windows, while other two were presumably blocked. On the southern, entrance façade, the openings of the western two-storey part are arranged into groups of high, narrow, rectangular windows creating a modern window “band” on both floors. On the northern façade there are rectangular windows of regular proportions. The western façade now has a gable and pairs of rectangular windows in the center of each of the three tiers.

A lower annex with a gable roof is attached to the western wall.

Since its fenestration is similar to that of the synagogue building, it was probably added in the interwar period.

To enable the use of the attic, a low projection with windows rises above the roof to light the rooms. The former interior was destroyed and subdivided into several rooms. Today (2009) the building houses studios of the Kaunas Art Faculty of the Vilnius Academy of Arts.

44 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Butchers' Synagogue in Kaunas | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1890-1900?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
1920s-1930s; after 1945
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Kaunas County | Kaunas
| 27a M. Daukšos St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

CJA & Lita documentation;

Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 139 ill. 119;

Pinkas hakehilot: Lita, ed. Dov Levin (Jerusalem, 1996) p. 538;

Yad Va-Shem Archives - archives of images, №3763332 and №3763333 - modern;

Frenk Epshtein, "Zikhroynes vegen kovne," in Lite, eds. Mendl Sudarski, Uriyah Katsenelnbogn and I. Kisin (New York, 1951), p. 1197


Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.