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Obj. ID: 8844
Jewish Architecture
  Hasidic Synagogue in Biržai, Lithuania

© “Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue” Archives, Photographer: Vedeikaitė, Ieva, 2006

Text from Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. vol 2. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010, pp.  119-120: 

The synagogue was designed by a Jewish civil engineer M. Lurje in 1938. The design shows northern and western façades of a building based on rectangular plan and consisting of an eastern part, where a prayer hall is situated, as well as of a two-storey western part, both covered with a hipped roof. The entire project is modernist Neo-Classicist in its conception. 

After WWII, the eastern half of the building with the prayer hall was apparently demolished, and the two-storey part was converted into apartments. What remains of the former synagogue is a massive brick building, with the main entrance in the western façade; its hipped roof is covered with asbestos sheets.  

Most of the original elements of the exterior decoration have survived on the western façade: the coupled lesenes, between which wide rectangular windows are arranged in two tiers, and the molded cornice with the frieze pierced by windows. Two new doors topped with narrow windows have been inserted in the middle part of the façade. The northern façade is symmetrical, divided by lesenes into three bays, the middle of which is blind, and two tiers of rectangular windows are arranged in the lateral bays. The upper parts of the façade remain in their original shape. The southern façade is similar to the northern one, but one window on the ground floor is blocked and a triangular dormer added. The eastern façade is newly built; it is asymmetrical, with rectangular windows unevenly arranged in two tiers.

39 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hasidic Synagogue in Biržai | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1938
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
After 1945
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Panevėžys County | Biržai
| 14 Stanislovo Dagilio St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
The original double lesenes on the facades are preserved.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

CJA & Lita documentation;

Marija Rupeikienė, Nykstantis kultūros paveldas: Lietuvos sinagogų architektūra (Vilnius, 2003), p. 158, 160; ill. 142 (project);

Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), ill. 40.

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue. vol 2. Vilnius: Vilnius Academy of Art Press, 2010, pp.  119-120.

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