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Obj. ID: 8842
Jewish Architecture
  New Beit Midrash in Balbieriškis, Lithuania

© Richard Schofield, Photographer: Schofield, Richard, 2017

The red brick structure had a T-shaped plan and consisted of a prayer hall on the southeastern side and a broader two-storey part, slightly higher, to its northwest. Both parts of the building were covered with a hipped roof.


The two-storey part contained a very narrow vestibule, in which three stairs led up to the level of the prayer hall. Another three rooms – two to the south and one to the north of the vestibule – were situated on the ground floor, with the women’s section on the first floor above it. A staircase to the women’s section was placed at the northern side of the two-storey part. The almost square prayer hall had twelve windows and two entrances: one from the vestibule and another on the southwestern
façade, leading directly to the hall. The bimah in the center of the hall was surrounded by four pillars
(Figs. 8, 9), which supported the flat ceiling. In the middle of the southeastern wall, the Torah ark was situated within a deep semicircular niche with two flanking pillars. The niche was flanked
by a pair of round-headed windows on each side.


The exterior had modernist Neo-Classicist features. A high socle, accentuated by a broad horizontal cornice, ran around the building. While the prayer hall was lit by high round-headed windows, the broader two-storey part had rectangular windows in both tiers.

The main northwestern façade was symmetrical, two-storey, and had an emphasized central axis with the entrance and a broad rectangular window above it. The field between them was filled
with a small blind arcade. The central axis, flanked by lesenes, was situated within a large recessed field with pairs of rectangular windows flanking it on each floor. On the side façades, the two-storey part protruded and had three rectangular windows on each of the floors. The southeastern façade had a central protrusion indicating the position of the Torah ark. It was flanked by two pairs of round-headed arch windows.

During the Soviet period, the former New Beit Midrash was used for the needs of a kolkhoz, and later housed a warehouse, an office and a house of culture. There were plans to accommodate a hospital in the reconstructed New Beit Midrash building. In 2008 the building was under renovation.

10 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
New Beit Midrash in Balbieriškis | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1938
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
After 1945; 2008
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Kaunas County | Balbieriškis
| 24 Salomėjos Nėries St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Brick
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
No information
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
B (Fair)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1 (Local)
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
East
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
2008
Bibliography

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius: VIlnius Academy of Art Press, 2010-12)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.