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Obj. ID: 6794
Jewish Architecture
  Great Synagogue in Novohrad-Volynskyi, Ukraine

© , Photographer: Unknown,

According to unfounded data, the Great Synagogue was erected in 1680–1700.[1] 

A memoirist, Azriel Uri (alias Maliar, b. 1892), described it as follows: “the Great Synagogue excelled in its beauty and was built in a special style. High columns supported a blue dome, on which twinkling stars shone; depictions of signs of the Zodiac and signs of the Tribes of Israel surrounded the domed ceiling of the synagogue. It was one of the oldest and most magnificent buildings in the town. […] In one of the corners under the ceiling, was depicted – among paintings of landscapes – a man fishing, about which a story was widespread in town, that this is a portrait of the artist who painted the synagogue; and that after he finished the painting, he became deranged, disconnected himself from a rope on which he hung himself, and fell to his death. It was viewed as a punishment for transgression of the prohibition ‘thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image’ by painting his portrait in the synagogue.”[2]

According to another testimony, the synagogue was built in 1740, by permission of Prince Radziwiłł (sic! it is a mistake since the Radziwiłłs never owned this town) and the painter, who portrayed himself and crashed, was not Jewish.[3]


[1] Mordechai Biber (Boneh), “Zvihil,” Yalkut Vohlin, issue 3 (1945): 5; Azriel Uri, “Zvihil – novogradvohlinsk,” in Zvhil (Novogradvolinsk), eds. Azriel Uri and Mordechai Boneh (Tel Aviv, 1962), 14.

[2] Azriel Uri, “Zvihil – novogradvohlinsk,” in Zvhil (Novogradvolinsk), eds. Azriel Uri and Mordechai Boneh (Tel Aviv, 1962), 14.

[3] Dov Bernshtein, “Batei kneset u-midrashim be-zvil,” in Zvhil (Novogradvolinsk), eds. Azriel Uri and Mordechai Boneh (Tel Aviv, 1962), 58.

 

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Name/Title
Great Synagogue in Novohrad-Volynskyi | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1680-1700?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Sergey R. Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, The Synagogues in Volhynia. Mordechai Biber (Boneh), “Zvihil,” Yalkut Vohlin, issue 3 (1945): 5; Azriel Uri, “Zvihil – novogradvohlinsk,” in Zvhil (Novogradvolinsk), eds. Azriel Uri and Mordechai Boneh (Tel Aviv, 1962), 14. Dov Bernshtein, “Batei kneset u-midrashim be-zvil,” in Zvhil (Novogradvolinsk), eds. Azriel Uri and Mordechai Boneh (Tel Aviv, 1962), 58.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2014-15
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
|
Language Editor
Uri Groneman | 2014-15
Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.