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Obj. ID: 52878
Jewish Funerary Art
  Ghetto memorial in Panevežys, Lithuania, 1990s

© Milda Jakulytė, Photographer: Jakulytė, Milda, July 2023

Memorial Name

Geto vartai - Gates of the Ghetto

Who is Commemorated?

Victims of the Panevėžys Ghetto

Description:

The monument is situated in the central part of Panevėžys, at the crossing of Klaipėda and Krekenava Streets.

The monument is made in the form of a gate: two higher granite posts represent a gateway and two lower granite slabs represent the walls. Identical Lithuanian and Yiddish inscriptions appear on the "walls." A lying stele with the map of the Panevežys ghetto and a Star of David is placed in front of the "gate." 

Inscriptions

Yiddish:

אויף דעם טעריטאריע
איז פון VII.7 ביזן VIII.17
1941 געווען די
יידישע געטא

Translation: On this territory, / from July 7 to August 17, / 1941, was / a Jewish ghetto.

Lithuanian:

1941 metų liepos 7 -
rugpjūčio 17 dienomis
šioje teritorijoje buvo
žydų getas

Translation: In 1941, July 7 / August 17 / this territory was / a Jewish ghetto

Commissioned by

The Lithuanian Jewish community

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

7 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial to Panevežys ghetto | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Ghetto
{"3":"So-called by the Nazis to designate an enclosed area of enforced settlement of Jews within a previously built area in the city or town."}
Date
1990s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Panevėžys County | Panevėžys
| crossing of Klaipėda and Krekenava Streets
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Lying stele, hight 110 cm, with 61 cm
Standing steles and post, all width 201 cm, one stele hight 55 cm, width 80 cm
Poles hight 70 cm, width 20 cm
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

On July 7, 1941, the Jews of Panevėžys were forced into a ghetto along with Jews from Naujamiestis, Krekenava, Raguva and Ramygala. The ghetto area was confined to several of the town’s streets. On July 11, 1941, the transfer of the Jews to the ghetto was completed. The ghetto was encircled by barbed wire, with Lithuanian guards posted to watch over it. While the Jews of the city were transferred to the ghetto, seventy of the community’s most distinguished members were arrested as hostages and taken to Pajuoste, where they were executed. The entire population of the ghetto was murdered in August 1941.

A monument to the ghetto was erected in the early 1990s by the Lithuanian Jewish Community.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Levinson, Yosif, Skausmo knyga. The Book of Sorrow. Dos bukh fun veytik. Sefer ha-keev (Vilnius: VAGA Publishers, 1997)., p. 134.
Type
Documenter
Milda Jakulytė | July 2023
Author of description
Milda Jakulytė | December 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: