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Obj. ID: 52673
Memorials
  Holocaust memorial in Rivne, Ukraine, 2019

© Oksana Chala, Photographer: Chala, Oksana, 2023

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish Holocaust Victims from Rivne

Description

The monument is located at the place of the entrance to the Rivne ghetto. It is a part of a brick wall, damaged on the left side. The wall has a rectangular opening which has a metal frame and a metal Menorah within it. To the left of the opening, a white plaque with Ukrainian, English and Hebrew inscriptions is attached. A metal suitcase stands in front of the wall.  

Inscriptions

Ukrainian

На цьому місці знаходився вʼїзд у гетто – місце примусового утримання
євреїв м. Рівне в час його окупації нацистською Німеччиною. Впродовж
грудня 1941 – середини липня 1942 рр. у ньому поневірялося понад
5 тис. людей (з-поміж них – 1300 дітей). Нацисти вивезли їх потягом до
м. Костопіль, де безжалісно розстріляли.
Рівняни памʼятають

Translation: At this place, the entrance to the ghetto was located – the place of detention of the Jews of Rivne city during the Nazi Germany occupation. During December 1941 – mid-July 1942, more than 5,000 people (including 1,300 children) suffered there. The Nazis have brought them to Kostopil city, where [they] ruthlessly shot [them]. People of Rivne remember.

English

This place marks the entrance to the ghetto – the place of the forced
detention of Rivne Jews during the occupation by Nazi Germany. During
December 1941 – mid–July 1942, more than 5 thousand people (including
1,300 children) suffered in the ghetto. Then, the Nazis took them by train to
Kostopil, where they all were ruthlessly shot.
People of Rivne remember.

Hebrew

במקום הזה היתה הכניסה לגטו, שבו יהודי ריבנה הוחזקו בכפייה בתוך כדי כיבוש
העיר על-ידי גרמנייה הנאצית. במשך דצמבר בשנת 1941 עד האמצע יולי בשנת 1942
בגטו סבלו יותר מ-5000 אנשים (ובתוכם - 1300 ילדים). נצאיים הסי[ע]ו אותם ברכבת
לעיר קוסטופיל איפה ירו לעבר ללא חמדה.
תושבי ריבנה זוכרים.


Translation: At this place, there was the entrance to the ghetto, in which Jews of Rivne were forcibly kept during the occupation of the city by Nazi Germany. During December 1941 until the mid-July of 1942, more than 5,000 people (including 1,300 children) were suffering there. Nazis took them by train to the Kostopil city, where they shot [them] without mercy. Residents of Rivne remember. [Akwardly formulated Hebrew]

Commissioned by

NGO "Center "Mnemonics"

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

9 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in Rivne | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Ghetto
{"3":"So-called by the Nazis to designate an enclosed area of enforced settlement of Jews within a previously built area in the city or town."}
Date
2019
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Rivnenska obl. | Rivne (Рівне)
| At the crossroad of Doroshenka and Soborna Streets
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Bricks of interwar period, metal
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The wall:
Length (bottom) 2,74 m
Length (top) 1,87 m
Width 0,42 m
Height 2,47 m

The suitcase:
Length 0,77 m
Width 0,25 m
Height 0,5 m
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The ghetto in Rivne was established after mass killing in Sosonky Tract. There were 5,403 Jews in the ghetto. During its liquidation on July 13, 1942, the Nazis brought the ghetto inmates to Kostopil city and shot them there ["Video report of the preparation for the installation of the memorial sign," NGO "Center "Mnemonics"].

The monument was erected on the initiative of NGO "Center "Mnemonics." The initiative was supported by the representative of the Jewish community of Düsseldorf Matthias Richter, local authority representatives, representatives of the Jewish Cultural Society, and Jewish religious community of Rivne [NGO "Center "Mnemonics"].

The founding members of the NGO "Center "Mnemonics," Natalia Ivchyk, Petro Dolhanov, and Maksym Hon, designed the monument. Dolhanov suggested erecting a "damaged" wall made from the bricks of one of the Rivne ghetto houses. An idea to make a window with a Menorah in the wall belonged to Hon. Ivchyk proposed adding a suitcase, which often appeared in memories of the ghetto inmates [personal communication of Marina Sedova with Petro Dolhanov]. 

The unveiling ceremony took place on December 13, 2019. About 100 local residents took part in the ceremony and laid flowers to the monument [NGO "Center "Mnemonics"]. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Kyianchuk, Anastasiia and Anton Pukhov, "U Rivnomu vidkryly pamiatnyi znak vbytym yevreiam," Teleradiokompaniia Rivne 1, December 13, 2019, https://rivne1.tv/news/109254-u-rivnomu-vidkrili-pamyatniy-znak-vbitim-evreyam (accessed December 2, 2023)

"Memorial sign to the victims of Rivne ghetto," NGO "Center "Mnemonics", https://mnemonika.org.ua/en/memorial-zhertvam-ghetto (accessed January 1, 2024)
Type
Documenter
Oksana Chala | 2023
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2024
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: