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Obj. ID: 52628
Memorials
  First Holocaust memorial in the Likverteni Forest near Bauska, Latvia, after 1956

© , Photographer: Unknown,

Official name

No official name

Who is commemorated?

Jews and several Soviet activists from Bauska and other towns murdered here.

Description

According to a photograph from the State Inspection for Cultural Monuments Preservation published by Ilya Lensky (Lenskis, p. 43), the monument was situated on a small hill in the forest. It was a wide stele of white color (probably concrete) with a darker plaque. The first monument was replaced by a new one in 1971 (see here).

Inscriptions

Illegible

Commissioned by

Local Jews or the authorities of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

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Name/Title
First Holocaust memorial in the Likverteni Forest near Bauska | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
after 1956
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
replaced by a new memorial in 1971
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Concrete (?)
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The shooting in the Likverteni Forest began in the second half of July 1941, when 60 Jews and several Soviet activists from Bauska were killed there. On July 29, 1941, 70 more Jews were shot dead. On the night of August 9-10, 1941, the Arājs Kommando murdered about 500-600 Jews from Bauska and 200 (or 153) Jews from vicinities on the next day. 50 (or 70) Jews from Jaunjelgava were killed at the site in late August.

Commemorative events on the killing site were reported in 1954 (Lenskis, pp. 41-42). 

The first monument on the site was installed after 1956 (Lenskis, p. 43). It was replaced by a new memorial in 1961.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Lenskis, Ilja, Holokausta piemina Latvijā laika gaitā 1945–2015 = Holocaust Commemoration in Latvia in the Course of Time, 1945–2015 (Riga: Muzejs “Ebreju Latvija,” 2017), pp. 41-43.
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.