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Obj. ID: 52490
Modern Jewish Art
  Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw - block 8 (Szmul Zygielbojm)

© Vladimir, Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2023

Memorial Name

Trakt Pamięci Męczeństwa i Walki Żydów w Warszawie (Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw)

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish fighters and victims of the Warsaw Ghetto.

Description:

The monument is part of the Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw. 

The stone block is made of unpolished black syenite. Its upper surface is shaped like a traditional Jewish tombstone and is polished. This surface bears a depiction of a seven-branched menorah and identical Polish and Hebrew inscriptions. The dates 1940–1943, indicating the period of existence of the Warsaw Ghetto, are placed on the front of the block. Polish and Hebrew inscriptions, “Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews,” are placed on the left and right sides of the block.

The block is situated in front of the monument to Monument to Szmul Zygielbojm (see here).

Inscription

Polish

Szmul Zygielbojm
1895-1943, przedstawiciel Bundu
w Radzie Narodowej R.P.
w Londynie; na znak protestu
wobec bierności rządów
państw sprzymierzonych
w obliczu zagłady Żydów
w getcie warszawskim
12 maja 1943 odebrał
sobie życie

Translation: Szmul Zygielbojm, 1895-1943, representative of Bund in the National Council of the Republic of Poland in London; as a sign of protest against the passivity of the governments of allied countries in the face of the extermination of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto, he took his own life on May 12, 1943.

Hebrew

שמואל זיגלבוים
1895 – 1943, נציג הבונד במועצה
הלאומי[ת] של ממשלת פולין הגולה
בלונדון. ב-12 במאי 1943
איבד עצמו לדעת במחאה על
אדישותו של ממשלות בעלות
הברית להשמדת היהודים
בגטו וארשה

Translation: Szmul Zygielbojm, 1895-1943, representative of Bund in the National Council of the Polish government in exile in London. On May 12, 1943, he took his own life as a sign of protest against the passivity of the governments of allied countries in the face of the extermination of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.

 

On the sides of the stone:

1940–1943

Polish

Trakt pamięci
męczeństwa
i walki
Żydów

Translation: Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews

Hebrew

נתיב הזיכרון
לשואה
ולגבורת
היהודים

Translation: Memorial Route of the Holocaust and Heroism of Jews

 

Commissioned by

[to be determined]

Summary and Remarks

6 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw - block 8 (Szmul Zygielbojm) | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1988
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Black syenite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
82 cm
Length
Width
80 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
100 cm
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The unveiling of the route took place on April 18, 1988, on the eve of the 45th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2024
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: