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Obj. ID: 52432
Modern Jewish Art
  Ghetto Memorial in Liepāja, Latvia, 1990s

© , Photographer: Unknown,

Memorial Name

Ghetto Memorial in Liepāja

Who is Commemorated?

Liepāja Ghetto victims

Description:

The monument is a low granite rock, to which a black stone plaque with a Latvian inscription is attached. 

Inscription:

Latvian

Starp Kungu Apšu
Dārza un Bāriņu ielam
no 1942. gada 1. jūlija
līdz 1943 gada 8. oktobrim
atradās nāvei nolemto
Liepājas ebreju geto

Translation: Between Kungu, Apšu, Dārza, and Bāriņu Streets, from 1 July 1942 until 8 October 1943, the ghetto of the condemned to death Liepāja Jews was located. 

Commissioned by

The Jewish community of Liepāja

Summary and Remarks

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Name/Title
Ghetto Memorial in Liepāja | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Ghetto
{"3":"So-called by the Nazis to designate an enclosed area of enforced settlement of Jews within a previously built area in the city or town."}
Date
1990s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Latvia | Kurzeme | Liepāja
| 29 Kungu Street
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
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Direction/Location
Façade (main)
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Location of Apse
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Location of Women's Section
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Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Colophon
Scribal Notes
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Group
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Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Liepāja fell to the Nazi German hands on June 29, 1941. Immediately after that, the killing of Jews began. The main mass murder of Liepāja Jews took place in Šķēde in December 1941.

The remaining 820 Jews were imprisoned in the ghetto in July 1942. The ghetto included 13 buildings in the block between Kungu, Apšu, Dārza, and Bāriņu Streets. 102 ghetto inmates died, 54 were shot dead, and four people succeeded in escaping thanks to the help of Roberts Sedules. The Nazis closed the ghetto on October 8, 1943, and sent the surviving inmates to the Kaiserwald camp in Riga.

The monument was erected in the 1990s. It was captured in a photograph in 2012, but the expedition of the Center for Jewish Art in June 2023 could not find the monument.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia," a website by the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia, http://memorialplaces.lu.lv/memorial-places/kurzeme/liepaja-29-kungu-street/.

Liepaja Jewish Heritage Foundation, http://liepajajewishheritage.lv/en/sliepaja-ghetto/., http://liepajajewishheritage.lv/en/ (accessed October 28, 2023)

Meler, Meyer, Jewish Latvia: Sites to Remember (Tel-Aviv: Association of Latvian and Estonian Jews in Israel, 2013), p. 211.

Meler, Meyer, Mesta nashei pamiati: Evreiskie obshchiny Latvii, unichtozhennye v Kholokoste (Riga: by the author, 2010), p. 251.
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: