Obj. ID: 52321
Modern Jewish Art Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw, Poland, 1988
Trakt Pamięci Męczeństwa i Walki Żydów w Warszawie (Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw)
Who is Commemorated?
Jewish victims and fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto
The route includes 19 stone blocks (two are inserted into building walls), which commemorate the history and struggle of the Warsaw Ghetto. It begins at the Square of the Heroes of the Ghetto, near the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, then leads through Zamenhofa and Dubois Streets to the Anielewicz Bunker Site, and ends at Stawki St., next to the Umschlagplatz, from where Warsaw Jews were deported to the death camp in Treblinka. Additional monuments were installed along the route later: Żegota Monument, Szmul Zygielbojm Monument, and the Umschlagplatz Monument.
Each stone block is made of unpolished black syenite. Its upper surface is shaped like a traditional Jewish tombstone and polished. This surface bears a depiction of a seven-branched menorah and identical Polish and Hebrew inscriptions. The dates 1940–1943, indicating the period of existence of the Warsaw Ghetto, are placed on the front of the block. Polish and Hebrew inscriptions, “Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews,” are placed on the left and right sides of the block.
Each stone has an individual inscription on its upper surface, describing the history of the ghetto or commemorating its heroes. The inscriptions on blocks 1 and 19 and on blocks 2 and 4 are identical.
On the sides of each stone:
Translation: Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews
Translation: Memorial Route of the Holocaust and Heroism of Jews
[to be determined]
List of blocks:
The unveiling of the route took place on April 18, 1988, on the eve of the 45th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.