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Obj. ID: 52321
Modern Jewish Art
  Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw, Poland, 1988

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

Memorial Name

Trakt Pamięci Męczeństwa i Walki Żydów w Warszawie (Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw)

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish victims and fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto

Description:

The route includes 19 stone blocks (two are inserted into building walls), which commemorate the history and struggle of the Warsaw Ghetto. It begins at the Square of the Heroes of the Ghetto, near the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, then leads through Zamenhofa and Dubois Streets to the Anielewicz Bunker Site, and ends at Stawki St., next to the Umschlagplatz, from where Warsaw Jews were deported to the death camp in Treblinka. Additional monuments were installed along the route later: Żegota Monument, Szmul Zygielbojm Monument, and the Umschlagplatz Monument.

Each stone block is made of unpolished black syenite. Its upper surface is shaped like a traditional Jewish tombstone and polished. This surface bears a depiction of a seven-branched menorah and identical Polish and Hebrew inscriptions. The dates 1940–1943, indicating the period of existence of the Warsaw Ghetto, are placed on the front of the block. Polish and Hebrew inscriptions, “Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews,” are placed on the left and right sides of the block.

Inscription

Each stone has an individual inscription on its upper surface, describing the history of the ghetto or commemorating its heroes. The inscriptions on blocks 1 and 19 and on blocks 2 and 4 are identical.

On the sides of each stone:

1940–1943

Polish

Trakt pamięci
męczeństwa
i walki
Żydów

Translation: Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews

Hebrew

נתיב הזיכרון
לשואה
ולגבורת
היהודים

Translation: Memorial Route of the Holocaust and Heroism of Jews

Commissioned by

 [to be determined]

List of blocks:

Summary and Remarks

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Name/Title
Memorial Route of Martyrdom and Struggle of Jews in Warsaw | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1988
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Black syenite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Colors
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Measurements
Height
85 cm
Length
Width
80 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
100 cm
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Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
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Quires
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Hebrew Numeration
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Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The unveiling of the route took place on April 18, 1988, on the eve of the 45th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Marina Sedova | 2019, 2023
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: