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Obj. ID: 52089
Memorials
  Auschwitz III Monument in the Pere Lechaise Cemetery in Paris, France (1993)

© Samuel Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2018

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Inmates and victims of the Auschwitz III Concentration Camp

Description

The monument is in section 77 of the cemetery in an area of other collective monuments. Two flights of granite steps lead to a large rectangular stone on which is inscribed the dedication to the inmates and commandos of the Buna-Monowitz Auschwitz III Camp. Set against the topmost steps is a tiled bronze plaque which lists the names of many of the associated workcamps, and gives information on the deportations there, and the fate of the prisoners.

Atop the base is installed a bronze figurative sculpture of five exhausted prisoners pushing a wheelbarrow containing a body. The figures are all constructed with long strips of bronze, like ribbons, that are joined and shaped to create human forms with only the heads and hands more realistically modeled. The figures are long and lean, and the transparent structure suggests their emaciated, even skeletal, condition.

Inscriptions

On the base of the sculpture:

Buna-Monowitz · Auschwitz III et ses Kommandos

On the Bronze Plaque (French)

De 1941 à 1945
Auschwitz III
Comptait 39 camps nazis, tous exploités par le trust
Allemande de la chimie I. G. – FARBENIDUSTRIE:
Buna-Monowitz, Blechhammer, Gleiwitz I, II, III, IV, Rajko,
Fürstengrube, Günthergrube, Jawischowitz, Jaworzno, Feudenstadt...

30,000 déportés don’t 3,5000 arrêtés en France,
Juifs pour la plupart y mourument de faim, de froid,
sous les coups et d’épuisement, ou désignés par
les S.S. lors des selections, ils furent exterminés
dans les chambres à gaz d’Auschwitz – Birkenau,
n'oublions jamais!

 

Translation: From 1941 to 1945 AUSCHWITZ III 39 Nazi camps, all operated by the German chemical trust I. G. – FARBENIDUSTRIE: Buna-Monowitz, Blechhammer, Gleiwitz I, II, III, IV, Rajko, Fürstengrube, Günthergrube, Jawischowitz, Jaworzno, Feudenstadt... / 30,000 deportees including 3,5000 arrested in France, Jews for the most part, died there of hunger, cold, under the blows, and by exhaustion, or chosen by the S.S. during the selections, they were exterminated in the gas chambers of Auschwitz-Birkenau, never forget!

Commissioned by

[to be determined]

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

14 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Auschwitz III Monument in the Pere Lechaise Cemetery in Paris | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1993
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
France | Ile-de-France région | Paris
| Père Lachaise Cemetery (Section 97)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Granite
Bronze
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
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Depth
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Thickness
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Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The dedication of memorials in the Père Lachaise Cemetery to the memory of deportees to concentration camps began in June 1946. The installation of memorial monuments has continued since then.

The memorial to inmates of victims of Auschwitz III was dedicated on February 4, 1993. The monument clearly indicates that the Jews were the main victims of this camp, which opened at the end of October 1941, near the factories of Buna, a manufacturer of synthetic rubber for the company IG-Farben. At first, the camp was attached to the main Auschwitz camp, but in November 1943 it became an autonomous camp under the name of Auschwitz III with about forty units (Kommandos) who worked for the German factories established in Upper Silesia). The detainees were mostly Jews. The working conditions were extremely harsh and those who were exhausted were sent to the gas chambers at Birkenau. The Soviets liberated the camp on January 27, 1945. But the Nazis had evacuated most of the prisoners just before.

 

The monument clearly indicates that Jews were the main victims of this camp, which was part of the Auschwitz complex. It took nearly 40 years to create this monument because there were so few French survivors of Auschwitz III.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Monument aux victimes de BUNA MONOWITZ AUSCHWITZ III,” Cimetière du Père Lachaise, Amis et Passionnés du Père Lachaise (APPL), https://www.appl-lachaise.net/monument-aux-victimes-de-buna-monowitz-auschwitz-iii/ (accessed September 20, 2023)

Nord, Philip. After the Deportation: Memory Battles in Postwar France (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020)
Type
Documenter
Samuel Gruber | 2018
Author of description
Samuel Gruber | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: