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Obj. ID: 51614
Jewish Funerary Art
  Monument at the Mass Grave in Derazhnia, Ukraine, 1970

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

3,814 Jews of Derazhnia and nearby villages killed at this site

Description:

 

Inscription

 

Commissioned by

Jews from Derazhnia

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

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Name/Title
Monument at the Mass Grave in Derazhnia | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1970
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
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Unknown|
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Unknown
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Concrete
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Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
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Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
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0
Ornamentation
Custom
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History/Provenance

3,814 Jews of Derazhnia and nearby villages were shot dead in September 1942, behind the brick factory.

The initiative for the monument was put forward by Zina Vrublevskaia, the creator of the local museum of WWII. She demanded from the local authorities to care for the mass grave of killed Jews, but in vain. Later, a committee was established in order to build a monument. Committee members collected money from the local Jews and the Jews from Derazhnia in other cities of the USSR. They also reinterred the remains of the victims dispersed over large territory into several mass graves. A concrete obelisk was placed on the pit where children were killed. (Lukin and Khaimovich, p. 88).

The monument was unveiled in September 1970. A speech at the opening ceremony was given by Prof. Birman from Moscow, a native of Derazhnia (Lukin and Khaimovich, p. 89). 

In 1975, it was listed as a protected monument (Lukin and Khaimovich, p. 88).

Commemorative events by the relatives of the victims were held at the monument for many years (Lukin and Khaimovich, p. 89).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Lukin, Beniamin and Boris Khaimovich, 100 evreiskikh mestechek Ukrainy: istoricheskii putevoditel’, vol. 1 (Jerusalem - St. Petersburg: Ezro, 1997), pp. 88-89.

Zeltser, Arkadi, Unwelcome Memory: Holocaust Monuments in the Soviet Union, trans. A.S. Brown (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2018), p. 255, n. 88.

For a phot, see Yad Vashem Archives, https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/photos/51435 

Type
Documenter
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Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.