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Obj. ID: 51070
Jewish Funerary Art
  Monument to Polish Jewsish victims of the Holocaust in the Western (New) Jewish Cemetery in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1980s(?)

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, July 2023

Memorial Name

Memorial to the Polish Jews victims of the Holocaust

Who is Commemorated?

Polish Jewish victims of the Holocaust

Description:

A stele of grey granite is situated in circle of trees at the western side of the main passageway leading from the cemetery gates to the cemetery chapel.

The façade of the stele, facing the main passageway, features a shallow Star of David in the upper part and two hands rising from flames at the bottom. The flames continue on all sides of the stele. 

A shortened verse from the poem “The song of the Murdered Jewish People” (דאָס ליד פונעם אױסגעהרגעטן ײדישן פאָלק) by the Polish-Jewish poet Itzhak Katzenelson (killed in 1944) appears in the center of the façade. Underneath appear the phrase “Never again” in Polish and Danish and the Hebrew abbreviation of the traditional phrase “May their souls be bound in the bundle of life.”

A dedication in Yiddish and Danish appears on the back of the stele. In the lower right corner there is a name of the sculptor, J. Salamon.

Inscriptions

On the façade: 

Yiddish:

איך זוך די טויטע מיינע
אין יעדן בערגל אש
י. קאצענעלסאן

Translation: I search for my dead / in every hill of ash. I. Katzenelson

Polish:

Nigdy wiecej

Translation: Never again

Danish:

Aldrig mere

Translation: Never again

ת'נ'צ'ב'ה'

Translation: May their souls be bound in the bundle of life

 

On the back side:

Yiddish:

געווידמעט די פוילישע יידן
קרבנות פון שאה 1939-1945
די פוילישע יידן אין דענעמארק

Translation: Dedicated to Polish Jews / victims of the Holocaust, 1939–1945. The Polish Jews in Denmark.

Danish:

Skænket af de polske jøder
i Danmark til minde om
de polske holocaustofre
1939 – 1945

J. Salamon

Translation: Donated by the Polish Jews / in Denmark in memory of / the Polish Holocaust victims / 1939–1945.  J. Salamon

 

Commissioned by

Polish Jews living in Denmark

Summary and Remarks

13 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Monument to Polish Jewsish victims of the Holocaust in the Western (New) Jewish Cemetery in Copenhagen | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1980s (?)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Denmark | Copenhagen (København)
| Vestre Kirkegårds Allé 11
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
198 cm
Length
Width
112 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
24 cm
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature

J. Salamon, in the lower right corner on the back

Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The memorial to the Polish Jewish victims was probably erected in order to supplement the main Holocaust memorial in the cemetery constructed in 1946 in memory of 51 Danish Jews who perished in Theresienstadt (Terezin) (see here). 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Katrin Kessler | 2023
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: