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Obj. ID: 50486
Memorials
  'The Witness Tombstone' Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish Cemetery in Lima, Peru

© 2023, Photographer: Migliori, Michele, Michele Migliori

Memorial Name

The Witness Tombstone

Description

This memorial is located at the edge of the Jewish Cemetery in Lima, in a patch of grass defined by low bushes and flanked by several palm trees. The memorial sits in the center of this grass, on a floor of stone slabs.

The central monument is a grey stone obelish capped with a menorah that bears an inscription in Hebrew. Connected to the front of the obelisk is a grey stone lectern with an open stone book on it that has a biblical inscription, and a light in front of that. Flanking the obelisk, also connected to it, are stone blocks that bear small plaques on them.

The base of the memorial is made of white stone, and bears a plaque in its front-left corner that has the names of the sponsors and date of the monuments innaguration. On this base surrounding the memorial on three sides are low white stone pillars connected by a black metal chain. The fourth, back, side of this border is composed of a wall of names that with menorah decorations.

Who is Comemmorated?

Jewish Victims of the Holocaust
Jewish Communities destroyed in the Holocaust
Relatives of Local Jewish Community Members murdered in the Holocaust

Inscriptions

On the obelisk face (Hebrew)

כי דם עבדיו יקום
ונקם ישיב לצריו
"מצבת עד"
לאחינו ואחיותינו
שמסרו נפשם
על קידוש השם
כנפלם בידי
הזדונים המנואצים
באירופה בשנות
ת'ש תש''ה
פה נטמן
צרור אפר
משש מאות
ריבוא קדושים
הי''ד
במותם צוו לנו
את החיים למען
נצח ישראל
וקיום מלכותו
ת. נ. צ. ב. ה.
קהילת לימה
ניסן ה' תשי''ט

Translation: 'For He'll avenge the blood of His servants, [and] wreak vengeance on His foes' [Deuteronomy 32:43, translation from JPS 2006] "Witness Tombstone" To our brothers and sisters who gave their lives for the sanctification of God when they fell at the hands of the malevolent men in Europe in the years 1940 - 1945. Here are buried the ashes from six hundred thousand martyrs- may God avenge their blood -who, in their deaths, commanded us to live for the sake of Israel's eternity and the existence of His kingdom. May their souls be bound in the bundle of life. The Community of Lima, 5 Nisan 5719

Book (English)

וניקיתי דמם לא ניקיתי
וד'' שוכן בציון

Translation: Their unavenged blood shall be avenged [lit: Thus I will treat as innocent their blood that I have not treated as innocent and God shall dwell in Zion (Joel 4:21, translation via the revised JPS)

 

Translation

Left plaque (Spanish)

La Federación Latinoamericana de los
Sobrevivientes judíos de la persecución Nazi
rinde homenaje a la memoria
de los seis millones de mártires judíos.

Lima, Octubre-Noviembre de 1972.

Translation: The Latin American Federation of Jewish Survivors of Nazi Persecution pays tribute to the memory of the six million Jewish martyrs. / Lima, October-November 1972.

Right plaque (Spanish)

Homenaje de la
Sexta Conferencia de
Comunidades Judías de
América Latina.
A las Kehilot europeas aniquiladas por el Nazismo.

Lima, Octubre-Noviembre de 1972

Translation: Tribute of the Sixth Conference of Jewish Communities of Latin America. To the European Jewish Communities annihilated by Nazism. / Lima, October-November 1972

Over the list of names

Hebrew

על מצבה זאת
הרותים לזכרון
חלק משמות בני עמנו שנספו בשואה
ושארי משפחותיהם שבלימה השתבפו בהנצהת זכרם

Translation: On this gravestone we erected as a memorial are some of the names of our people who perished in the Holocaust, and the rest of their families in Lima took part in commemorating their memory.

Spanish

Aquí yacen cenizas de los seis millones de mártires del régimen Nazi 1933-1945
traídos de campos de exterminio de Europa Central para perpetuar la memoria
de aquellos emparentados miembros de esta colectividad
se grabaron sus nombres al pie de este monumento. Lima, mayo de 1959

Translation: Here lie the ashes of the six million martyrs of the Nazi regime 1933-1945 brought from extermination camps in Central Europe to perpetuate the memory of the family members of this community; their names were engraved at the foot of this monument. Lima, May 1959

Sponsor plaque (Spanish)

Se erigió este monumento
siendo presidentes de la
Asoc. De Soc. Israelitas del Peru
durante este periodo los Sres.
Nissim Alalu, Kurt Berger
y Michel Radzinski
y Miembros del Comité Encargado de
su Ejecución los Sres.
Mardocheo Franco, Max Heller y Armin Inda.

Se inauguró el 21 de junio de 1959

Translation: This monument was erected when Nissim Alalu, Kurt Berger and Michel Radzinski were the Presidents of the Jewish Community of Peru, and Mardocheo Franco, Max Heller, and Armin Inda were Members of the Committee in Charge of its Execution. / It was inaugurated on June 21, 1959

Commissioned by

The Local Jewish Community

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

26 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish Cemetery in Lima | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1959
Synagogue active dates
1972
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Origin
Peru | Lima
|
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Peru | Lima
| Avenida Oscar R. Benavides 2200
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Michele Migliori | 2023
Author of description
Adam Frisch | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: