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Obj. ID: 47760
Memorials
  Holocaust memorial in Dyven near Velyki Mezhyrichi, Ukraine, 1992

© ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, Photographer: ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, 2019

Memorial name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish Victims of the Holocaust from Velyki Mezhyrichi and the vicinity, who were murdered here

Description

The monument is located at the killing site in Dyven village, near Nevirkiv and Velyki Mezhyrichi. It is a black marble headstone with Ukrainian, Hebrew, and Yiddish inscriptions on its front and back sides, as well as on the lying slab, attached to it. The headstone is decorated with two small stars of David on both the front and the back sides. A bigger Magen David is also carved on the lying slab. The site is surrounded by a stone fence with an arched metal gate, decorated by a Magen David. A high metal Menorah stands near the gate. A part of the fence is a memorial wall dedicated to the Jewish soldiers, partisans, and the Righteous among the Nations.

Inscriptions

On the front side of the upright stele (Ukrainian):

На цьому місці від рук нацистських
нелюдів в червні - вересні 1942 року
розстріляно, закопано живими понад
3000 чоловіків, жінок та дітей
єврейської національності - жителів
містечка Межирічі і навколишніх сіл.
Вічна шана їх світлій памʼяті!

Translation: At this place, more than 3,000 men, women and children of Jewish nationality, residents of the shtetl of Mezhyrichi and surrounding villages, were shot, buried alive by the hands of Nazi nonhumans in June – September 1942

On the front side of the upright stele (Hebrew):

פ.נ.

במקום זה עונו, נרצחו, הומתו ונקברו חיים
בחודשים מאי וספטמבר 1942
בידי מרצחים גרמנים נאצים ועוזריהם הנפשעים
שלושת אלפים יהודים אנשים, נשים וטף
בני קהילת מז’יריטש גדול והסביבה
כבוד לזכרם הכדוש
ת.נ.צ.ב.ה [=תהי נשמתם צרורה בצרור החיים]

Translation: At this place, three thousand Jews, men, women and children, members of the Great Mezhyrich community and the vicinity, were tormented, murdered, killed, and buried alive in May and September 1942 by the hands of German Nazi murderers and their criminal assistants. Honor to their holy memory. May their souls be bound in the bundle of life.

On the front side of the upright stele (Yiddish):

אויף דים ארט זענען פערפייניקט געווארן
דערשאסן אדער לעבעדיגערייד בעגראבן
אין מאי און סעפטעמבער חודש 1942
דורך די היטלעריסטישע דייטשישע מערדער
דריי טויזנט יידן מענער פרויען און קינדער
פון שטעטל גרויס מעזשיריטש
און פון די ארומיקע דערפער
אייביקע ערע זייער הייליקן אנדענק

Translation: At this place, three thousand Jews, men, women, and children from the shtetl Great Mezhyrich and from the surrounding villages were tormented, shot down, or buried alive by Hitlerist German murderers in May and September 1942. Eternal honor to their holy memory!

On the back side of the upright stele (Hebrew):

מצבת זכרון
של קהילת מז’יריטש גדול והסביבה
חללי השואה תש”ג 1942

Translation: Memorial monument of Great Mezhyrich community and the vicinity, Shoah Victims 5703 1942

On the lying slab (Ukrainian):

Вічна і світла памʼять
жителям Великих Межиріч
загиблим у 1942 році
Протягом 50 років не стихла біль і скорбота
у серцях членів обʼєднання вихідців
із Великих Межиріч в Ізраїлі та Канаді
що прибули до братської могили у Невіркові
для ушанування світлої памʼяті
батьків, сестер та братів
13 вересня 1992 року

Translation: Eternal and blessed memory to the residents of Velyki Mezhyrichi, perished in 1942. For 50 years, pain and grief did not abate in the hearts of the members of the association of Velyki Mezhyrichi natives in Israel and Canada, who arrived to the mass grave in Nevirkiv to honor the blessed memory of the parents, sisters, and brothers on September 13, 1992

On the lying slab (Hebrew):

 

Commissioned by

Funded by the Members of the Association of Velyki Mezhyrichi Natives in Israel and Canada and the Regional Organization of the Protection of the History and Culture Monuments. 

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

8 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in Dyven near Velyki Mezhyrichi | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1992, 2005
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Black marble
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

During two mass murders on May 22 and September 26, 1942, the Nazis exterminated about 3,000 Jews from Velyki Mezhyrichi and the vicinity in the Tsehelnia ravine near the village of Nevirkiv [Tsal Kaplun Foundation].

In October 1991, Kim Zakaliuk wrote a material about killing site in the newspaper "Dialoh." In particular, he mentioned the abandoned condition of the site and the lack of any memorial sign there, even 50 years after the Tragedy. After the publication, the Regional authority representatives started memorialization process. The article was also spread among the natives of Velyki Mezhyrichi in various countries. The Rivne cooperative "Hama" made the monument [Zakaliuk].

The installation of the monument was funded by the Members of the Association of Velyki Mezhyrichi Natives in Israel and Canada and the Regional Organization of the Protection of the History and Culture Monuments [Zmina]. Apparently they also erected a metal fence, decorated with the stars of David and Menorot around the site [see photos in Zmina].

The unveiling ceremony in September 1992 started from the school, which was a place of gathering Jews for escorting to the killing site. Local residents welcomed Jewish Holocaust Survivors, who arrived from Israel, Canada, the USA, and various places of Ukraine. The local authority representatives, and Righteous among the Nations also took part in the ceremony. In total, a few thousand people joined the event. The participants moved to Nevirkiv to repeat symbolically the last way of the Victims. Six candles were burning near the foot of the monument, as a symbol of six millions Jewish Victims of the Holocaust. The participants lit more candles and mounted a capsule with a parchment containing the names of the Victims on the monument for the eternal preservation. Then, the soil from Israel was brought to the monument and the Israel and Ukrainian national anthems were sounded. Jewish Holocaust Survivors recited memorial prayers [Feishter, Kyrylchuk].

Apparently a stone fence around the killing site and a Menorah near the gate were erected in 2005 together with a monument to the Jewish soldiers and partisans, as well as to the Righteous among the Nations. The monument was unveiled in Summer of 2005, the Natives of Velyki Mezhyrichi from Israel, Canada and the USA, local residents and authority representatives took part in the ceremony. The participants listened to the national anthems of Israel and Ukraine and recited prayers [Safir]. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Execution of Jews from Velyki Mezhyrichi in Dyven,"
The Map of Holocaust by Bullets, Yahad-In Unum, https://www.yahadmap.org/en/#village/dyven-diven-rivne-ukraine.66.

Feishter, D., "Zvidty rozpochavsia shliakh do pekla," Vilne slovo, September 16, 1992, p. 4.

Kyrylchuk, P., "Traurna tseremoniia v Mezhyrichakh," Visti Rivnenshchyny, September 19, 1992, p. 3.

"Miedzyrzecz,"
Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/community/14622537.

Safir, Yurii, "Khto zhyvyi – pamiataie," Vilne slovo, August 2, 2005, p. 3.

"U sertsia svoia pamiat," Zmina, September 19, 1992, p. 2.

"Velyki Mezhyrichi: Tsegelnia Ravine,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u0908.html.

Zakaliuk, K., "Ukrainskyi korovai – synam Izrailiu," Dialoh, no. 38, September 1992, p. 2.
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2024
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: