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Obj. ID: 47752
Jewish Funerary Art
  Holocaust memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Oleksandriia, Ukraine, 2000s

© ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, Photographer: ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, 2019

Memorial Name

Пам’ятний знак на місці розстрілу єврейського населення

Translation: Memorial Sign on the site of shooting of Jewish population

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish Holocaust Victims from Oleksandriia and the surrounding area, who were murdered here on September 22, 1942

Description:

The monument is located on the killing site in the Jewish cemetery. It is a black stone upright rectangular slab. The monument bears Ukrainian and Hebrew inscriptions, which are very similar to the inscriptions on the monument on a territory of a sanatorium. There is a Magen David above the inscriptions.

Inscriptions

Ukrainian:

На цьому місці
22 вересня 1941 р.
були знищені
німецько
фашистськими
загарбниками
близько 100 євреїв
села Олександрія і
навколишніх сіл
Вічна памʼять
невинним жертвам
геноциду.

Translation: At this place, about 100 Jews of the village Oleksandriia and surrounding villages were exterminated by the fascist occupiers on September 22, 1942 / Eternal memory to the innocent Victims of genocide

Hebrew:

פ”נ
מעל 100יהודים
והסביבה
תושבי אלכסנדריה
והקברו חיים
שנרצחו באכזריות
הי”ד
הנאצי ועוזריו
על-ירי [=על-ידי] הצורר
1941-1943
ת.נ.צ.ב.ה [=תהי נשמתם צרורה בצרור החיים]

Translation: Here are buried over 100 Jews of the village Aleksandria and the vicinity, who were brutally murdered and buried alive / May God avenge their blood / by the Nazi oppressor and his assistants / 1941–1943 / May their souls be bound in the bundle of life

The Hebrew text has incorrect word order. Translating the inscription into English, we attempted to reconstruct the initial intentions of the authors. 

Commissioned by

[To be determined]

Summary and Remarks

4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Oleksandriia | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
2000s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Rivnenska obl. | Oleksandriia (Олександрія, Rivnenska obl.)
| Shevchenka street (around 200 metres South from UkrPoshta)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

A ghetto in Oleksandriia was established in August 1942. On September 23–24, 1942, it was liquidated. During the liquidation of the ghetto, 903 Jews were shot in Sviatskyi Forest. 85 Jews, who managed to survive the liquidation of the ghetto, returned to Oleksandriia. They were murdered on October 28.1942 [Tsal Kaplun Foundation]. 

According to the Tsal Kaplun Foundation, the monument on the killing site was established in the 2000s. Apparently it was erected before 2002, because the Head of the Rivne Regional State Administration included the memorial sign on The List of Monuments of History and Monumental Art of Local Significance of Rivne District by the order no. 292 on May 27, 2002 [Rivnenska raionna derzhavna administratsiia].

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Aleksandria: Jewish Cemetery,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u0910.html.

"Povnyi perelik pamiatok arkheolohii, istorii ta...," Rivnenska raionna derzhavna administratsiia, https://rrda.rv.gov.ua/storage/app/sites/30/%D1%96%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%96%20%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BC%CA%BC%D1%8F%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B8/perelik-pamyatok-rivnenskogo-rayonu.docx (accessed February 17, 2024)
Type
Documenter
ESJF | 2019
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2023–2024
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: