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Obj. ID: 46422
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial in Montevideo, Uruguay, 1994

© Michele Migliori, Photographer: Migliori, Michele, 2022

Name

Memorial al Holocausto del Pueblo Judío

Translation: Holocaust Memorial of the Jewish People

Who is Commemorated?

Jews killed in the Holocaust

Description

This Memorial Park contains many elements:

Near the entrance to the park are three granite steles that are leaned diagonally on mounds of earth, and inscribed as a reference stone, a stone with the name of the site, and a stone with the artist's name and statement. Nearby is a pair of metal rail tracks leading off from the entrance to a solitary tree.

A path leads from the entrance to a wall designed to look like the path breaks through the wall. Along the path are several steles with quotes.

Inscriptions

On the Reference Stone (in Spanish):

Memorial del Holocausto del Pueblo Judío

 1. Acceso al Memorial
2. El Muro Simboliza al pueblo judío
Se asocia al “Muro de los Lamentos” y a los “Muros de la Rambla Sur”
3. Rampa: “Senda del Descenso”
4. La Ruptura del muro simboliza al Holocausto
5. Piedras del Desconcierto
Impiden visualizar al futuro
6. Puentes de la duda
7. Plaza de la meditación
8. Escalinata de Salida. “Camino de la esperanza”.

Declarado Monumento Histórico Nacional
Por Decreto E.C. 100 de 20 Septiembre 1995

Translation: Holocaust Memorial of the Jewish People // References: // 1. Access to the memorial // 2. “The wall” symbolizes the Jewish people. It is associated with the “Wailing Wall” and the “Walls of the Southern Rambla.” // 3. Ramp: “Path of the descent.” // 4. The rupture of the wall symbolizes the Holocaust. // 5.  Stones of bewilderment. They prevent us from seeing the future. // 6.  Bridges of the doubt // 7. Meditation square // 8. Stairway towards the exit. “Journey of the Hope” // Declared National Historic Monument. As per E.C. Decree no 100 from September 20, 1995. 

On the Signature Stone (in Spanish):

Memorial al Holocausto del Pueblo Judío
Arquitectos Boero Fabiano Perossi
Paisaje Ing. Pellegrino
Estructura Ing. Rapetti

Translation: Holocaust Memorial of the Jewish People // Architects Boero Fabiano Perossi // Landscape Engineer Pellegrino  //Structure Engineer Rapetti

On the Entry Sign (in Spanish):

Memorial al Holocausto del Pueblo Judío

Translation: Holocaust Memorial of the Jewish People

On the Dedicatory Stele (In Spanish):

Reconocimiento a:
Sr. Salomon Pinto Z”L
Cr. Samuel Bregman Z”L
Cr. Roberto Wajner
Cuyo invalorable esfuerzo
fue fundamental para hacer
realidad la erección de este
memorial del Holocausto
del pueblo judío

Translation:  Recognition to:// Mr. Salomon Pinto Z”L// CPA Samuel Bregman Z”L// CPA Roberto Wajner // Whose invaluable effort was essential to materialize the erection of this Holocaust memorial of the Jewish people 

On the Innauguration Stele (In Spanish):

El memorial del Holocausto del
pueblo judío fue erigido en nombre
del Uruguay a iniciativa del Poder
Ejecutivo aprobada por el Parlamento
[…] el art. 252 en la ley 16320
bajo la presidencia del
Dr. Luis Alberto Lacalle Herrera
e inaugurado el 10 de noviembre de 1994.  

Translation: The Holocaust memorial of the Jewish people was erected on behalf of Uruguay at the initiative of the Executive Power approved by the Parliament […] under art. 252, Decree 16320, under Dr. Luis Alberto Lacalle Herrera's Presidency, was inaugurated on 10 November 1994.

On the Elie Wiesel Quote Stele (In Spanish):

A la tristeza
queremos que la
acompañe la
esperanza.
Elie Wiesel 

Translation: We want sadness to be accompanied by hope // Elie Wiesel

On the Proverbs Quote Stele (In Spanish):

Siete veces cae el
justo y siete veces
volverá a levantarse.
Proverbios 24-16

Translation: Seven times the righteous man falls and gets up. Proverbs 24:16

On the Maimonides Quote Setele (In Spanish):

…Elegid siempre
la vida y el bien pues
la elección está en
vuestras manos…
Maimonides

Translation: …It is in your hands to choose life and the good, for freedom of choice has been given unto you… Maimonides

On the Baal Shem Tov Quote Stele (In Spanish):

En el recordar está la redención. Baal Shem Tov

Translation: Remembrance is the secret of redemption. Baal Shem Tov

On the Ana Balog Memorial Plaque (In Spanish):

Ana Bálog
Montevideo 1929 Auschwitz 1945

Judía uruguaya, emigró a Hungría con su madre
y hermana.
Fue detenida a los 15 años en Nyírmerggyes y deportada
junto con su abuela al campo de concentración
y exterminio de Auschwitz.
Homenaje de intendencia municipal de Montevideo
y de la comunidad judía uruguaya.
20 de julio de 2009

Translation: Ana Bálog Montevideo 1929 Auschwitz 1945 // An Uruguayan Jew, she emigrated to Hungary with her mother and sister. She was arrested at age 15 in Nyímerggyes and was deported with her grandmother to Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp. Tribute from the municipal administration of Montevideo and the Uruguayan Jewish community. 20 July 2009

Commissioned by

the State of Uruguay 

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

58 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial in Montevideo, Uruguay | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Public park
{"9":"Any memorial erected or installed in a present-day public park, including Jewish cemeteries or other sites now operated as public space."}
Date
1994
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
2016
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Material / Technique
granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
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Direction Prayer
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History/Provenance

The Memorial was first opened in 1994

In 2016, the memorial was renovated and rededicated after it had suffered several acts of antisemitic vandalism. However, only a year later, it was again vandalized with antisemitic slurs.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Michele Migliori | 2022
Author of description
Michele Migliori | 2022
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: