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Obj. ID: 46176
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial at Temple Sinai, Sumter, SC, USA, 1984
To the main object: Temple Sinai in Sumter, SC, USA

© Mitch Litwer, Photographer: Litwer, Mitch, 2022

Who is Commemorated?

Millions of victims of the Holocaust

Description

The monument is now set in a gravel circular area to the side of the synagogue. Side by side black and white upright granite slabs are set on a then unadorned base, set within a larger circular area filled with gravel and bordered with low bushes. A curved bench is set to the side.  The slabs inscribed with the names of major concentration camps, biblical quotations, quotes from 20th century Rabbis, and Jewish liturgy. The black slab is placed slightly in front of the white slab.

A rectangular bronze plaque on a base at low to the ground is set near the monument.

Inscriptions

On left (black granite slab)

HOLOCAUST

THE VOICE OF THY BROTHERS

BLOOD CRIETH UNTO ME [Genesis 4:10]

AUSCHWITZ

BERGEN-BELSEN

BUCHENWALD

DACHAU

MAJDANEK

TREBLINKA

THERESIENSTADT

SOME ARE GUILTY

ALL ARE RESPONSIBLE [Heschel, 1963]

On left (white granite slab)

HA SHOAH –  זכור

ONLY SILENCE SPEAKS LOUDLY

ENOUGH FOR THE MILLIONS WHO

WERE MARCHED IN THE ABYSS [Stern, 1975]

 

NOT BY MIGHT NOT BY POWER

BUT BY MY SPIRIT SAITH THE

LORD OF HOSTS [Zechariah 4:1]

 

THEY SHALL NOT HURT NOR

DESTROY IN ALL MY HOLY

MOUNTAIN [Isaiah 11:9]

CHOOSE LIFE AND LIVE [Deuteronomy 30:19]

On bronze plaque:

HOLOCAUST

“WHAT MEAN THESE STONES?” [Joshua 4:21]

A MEMORIAL ERECTED BY THE PEOPLE OF SUMTER AND

DEDICATED TO THE NEED OF CONSTRANT VIGILANCE AGAINST

HUMANITY’S TERRIBLE POTENTIAL FOR SELF-DESTRUCTION

1984

Commissioned by

The Sumter Ministerial Association

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

31 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial at Temple Sinai, Sumter, SC | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (active)
Museum
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust.","13":"A Holocaust memorial permanently installed within a history, art, or Holocaust Remembrance Museum (n.b. this does not include buildings themselves dedicated as Holocaust memorials)."}
Date
1984, 2018 (relocated)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
black and white granite
bronze
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The Memorial consists of two stone panels, slightly offset, on a cement base.
The cement base is 8 feet (243.84 cm) long and 3.5 (106.68 cm) feet wide. Each stone panel is 4 feet (121.92 cm) long, 8.25 inches (20.955 cm) wide, and 6 feet (182.88) high.
The base of the concrete slab for each bench is 6 feet (182.88) long and 45 inches (114.3) wide.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The Sumter Ministerial Association, an organization of local Christian clergy, sponsored the construction of a local Holocaust memorial in 1984. It was originally placed near the City-County Office building but was relocated to the grounds of Temple Sinai in 2018. Local churches and individuals raised $12,000 to construct the memorial.

Reverend Sam Poston, pastor of St. Mark’s United Methodist Church and president of the Sumter Ministerial Association said, “That’s why we’re calling it the People’s Holocaust Memorial of Sumter…Those 11 million Holocaust victims were people just like us.”  

The wording of one side of the monument explicitly says “Holocaust,” and lists the names of major death camps). The monument does not explicitly mention Jews or Jewish victims but does include the Hebrew word “Zachor” (זכור) (Remember).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Rabbi Abraham Joshuah Heschel, "Religion and Race" BlackPast , https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/1963-rabbi-abraham-joshua-heschel-religion-and-race/ (accessed December 20, 2022)

Stern, Chaim, The New Union Prayer Book (CCAR Press, 1975), 173.

"Temple Sinai Reform Jewish Congregation," Congregation website, https://www.templesinaisumter.org/about-temple-sinai (accessed December 20, 2022)

“Sumter County Museum Opens Jewish History Center,” City of Sumter, South Carolina's website, https://www.sumtersc.gov/news/sumter-county-museum-opens-jewish-history-center (accessed December 20, 2022)
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2022
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: