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Obj. ID: 46066
Memorials
  Monument to Jews who died fighting in War II in the New Jewish Cemetery in Thessaloniki, Greece

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2022

Memorial Name:

Memorial to fallen Jewish soldiers and officers who took part in the fight against the Germans and Italians in 1940/1941.

Who is Commemorated?

Fallen Jewish soldiers and officers who took part in the fight against the Germans and Italians in 1940/1941.

Description:

The monument sits on a broad and low platform made of marble blocks and slabs, the flanks of which are raised grassy lawns enclosed by low retaining walls. The platform has two levels. The first level is reached by three steps from either side, each set of steps is set at a 45-degree angle, and they both lead to a broad central space enclosed by low walls, from which three broad steps lead to an upper level on which the sculpted monument sits. Six inscribed plaques with Greek and Hebrew texts are attached to the lower wall between the first sets of steps and facing the main approach to the monument.

The monument proper is made of grey marble blocks in the form of a menorah. A broad rectangular base supports seven square columns that decrease in size toward the center one. The center column is inscribed with a simple Magen David. Matched inscriptions in Greek and Hebrew are beneath the menorah, on the face of the base.

Set on the platform, in front of the menorah but to its right side, is an inscribed slab, set at an angle on a low base.

Inscriptions

On the front of the monument (menorah):

Greek

ΜΝΗΜΕΙΟ ΠΕΣΟΝΤΩΝ
ΕΒΡΑΙΩΝ ΕΛΛΉΝΩΝ
ΣΤΟΝ ΠΌΛΕΜΟ
1940-41

 

Translation: Memorial to fallen Greek Jews in the 1940-41 war

Hebrew

מצבת זכרון
ללוחמי יוון היהודים
שנפלו במלחמה
בשנים 1940-41

Translation: Memorial Monument to the Greek Jewish warriors who fell in the war in the years 1940-1941

 

Plaques on front of monument platform:

 Greek

AΦIEPΩNETAI
ΣTOYΣ 12898 EBPAIOYΣ EΛΛHNEΣ AΞIΩMATIKOYΣ
KAI OΠΛITEΣ ΠOY AΓΩNIΣTHKAN
YΠEPAΣΠIZOMENOI THN TIMH KAI THN
AKEPAIOTHTA THΣ ΠATPIΔAΣ MAΣ
ΣTON ΠOΛEMO 1940-41
OI AΠΩΛEIEΣ TOYΣ ANHΛΘAN ΣE:
513 NEKROYΣ 3743 TPAYMATIEΣ
AIΩNIA H MNHMH TOYΣ

Translation: Dedicated to the 12898 Jewish Greek officers and soldiers who fought defending the honor and the integrity of our country in the 1940-41 war. Their losses amounted to: 513 dead, 3,743 injured. / Their memory is eternal.

 Hebrew

מוקדש ל-12898 לוחמי יוון היהודים
קצינים וחיילים שלחמו והגנו על
הכבוד הלאומי ועל שלמות
המדינה במלחמה בשנים 1940-41
נפלו 513 חללים יהודים ז"ל
ונפצעו 3743 יהודים

Translation: Dedicated to the 12,898 Jewish Greek warriors, officers, and soldiers who fought and defended the National honor and integrity when the country was at war in 1940-41 / 513 Jewish martyrs fell and 3,743 Jews were injured

Greek

ΔΩPEA
ΔAYIΔ IΣAAK ΦPANΣEΣ
ANHΓEPΘH EΠI ΠPOEΔPIAΣ NTEIBINT ΣAΛTIEΛ
KAI MEΛΩN TOY KOINΟTIKOY ΣYMBOYΛIOY
IAKΩB MΠENMAΓIOP ANTIΠPOEΔPOY
IΣAAK-INO ANTZEΛ  ΓPAMMATEA
XAΣΔAI KAΠON  TAMIA
ΠINZAΣ ΠAPENTE  EΛEΓKΤH

 

Translation: Gift of / David Isaac Frances / Raised during the Presidency of David Saltiel / And members of the Community Board / Jacob Benmaior Vice-President / Isaac-Ino Antzel   Secretary / Chasdai Kapon    Treasurer / Pinchas Parente Comptroller (or Auditor)

Hebrew

מצבה זאת
הינה תרומה של
דוד פרנסם בן יצחק ז"ל
והוקמה ע"י נשיא הקהילה היהודית דוד שאלתיאל
:וחברי ועד דקהילה
יעקוב בן מיור - סגן הנשיא
 יצחק-אינו אנגל - מזכיר
חסדאי קפון - גזבר
פנחס פרנטה - מבקר

Translation [To Review]: This monument is a donation of The late David Fransem ben Yitzchak and was established by the president of the Jewish community David Sheltiel, as well as by the members of the 'Dakhila' committee: / Yaakov Ben Meor - Vice President / Yitzhak-Ino Angel - Secretary / Chasdai Kapon - Treasurer / Pinchas Ferrante - Comptroller (or Reviewer)

 

Transcribe Hebrew text [donor list] 

Commissioned by

Jewish Community of Thessaloniki

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

22 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Monument to Jews who died fighting in War II in the New Jewish Cemetery in Thessaloniki | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
2003
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Greece | Central Macedonia Region | Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη)
| Agiou Karaoli and Dimitriou Str, Stavroupoli 564 30
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Marble
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

After the destruction of the old Jewish cemetery during the German occupation of Thessaloniki, and new walled cemetery of approximately 17,000 square meters, was opened in the Stavroupoli district after the war. Stavroupoli is now a separate municipality adjacent to Thessaloniki. Some remains from the old cemetery were saved and brought here when the cemetery opened, and more recently any fragments of old gravestones that are recovered on building sites or elsewhere are brought here, too.

This memorial to fallen Jewish soldiers and officers who took part in the fight against the Germans and Italians in 1940/1941 was dedicated nearby in 2003. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2022
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: