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Obj. ID: 460
Sacred and Ritual Objects
  Parokhet (1792, Lower Silesia)

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 1992

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

15 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Object Detail
Date
1792
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
86.5 cm
Length
Width
40 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.