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Obj. ID: 44871
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Berezhany, Ukraine, 1990

© ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, Photographer: Arshynov, Hryhoriy, 2019

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish Holocaust Victims from Berezhany

Description

The monument is located at the killing site in the Jewish cemetery in Berezhany. It is a black stone horizontal slab lying atop a concrete base. Short Yiddish and Ukrainian inscriptions with a Magen David and a torch are carved on the monument. The word "Victims" in Yiddish is written phonetically, as used to be in Soviet Yiddish orthography, whereas Yiddish final letters, which was not typical for Soviet Yiddish, are present in the inscription.

Inscriptions

Yiddish:

קארבאנעס
פון דער פאשיזם

Translation: Victims of the fascism

Ukrainian:

Жертвам
фашизму
1941
1942

Translation: To the victims of fascism 1941 – 1942

Commissioned by

[To be determined]

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

6 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in the Jewish cemetery in Berezhany | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1990
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Ternopilska obl. | Berezhany (Бережани)
| Between houses 12 and 13 on Mykoly Bezdilnoho Street.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
black stone, concrete
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

According to the Tsal Kaplun Foundation, Berezhany was occupied by the German Army on July 3, 1941. In 1941–1942, mass murders of Jews took place in and around Berezhany. In 1943, mass murders took place in the Jewish cemetery. About 300 Jews were killed there on April 2, 1943. On June 12 of that year, 1,500 Jews were shot in the cemetery.

According to Wikipedia, the monument was erected in 1990.

The Head of Berezhany, other city officials, and employees of the Local History Museum of Berezhany visited the mass grave and laid stones to the monument on January 27, 2021, after the main commemoration activities dedicated to the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, which took place near the synagogue in Berezhany [Berezhanska miska rada].

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"27 Sichnia - Mizhnarodnyi den pamiati zhertv Holokostu," Berezhanska miska rada, January 27, 2021, https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=121983089790726 (accessed November 4, 2023)

"Berezhany: The Okopysko Tract,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u1355.html.

"Getto w Brzeżanach,"
Wikipedia, https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Getto_w_Brzeżanach.

"The Guide: Memorial Monument Design, Development, and Care," Rohatyn Jewish Heritage, https://jewishheritageguide.net/en/guide/memorial (accessed July 1, 2024)
Type
Documenter
ESJF, Rohatyn Jewish Heritage | 2019, 2017, 2023
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: