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Obj. ID: 44149
Jewish Funerary Art
  Monument at the First Murder Place in Subate, Latvia, 2000s

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 4.2022

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jews of Subate, victims of the Holocaust

Description:

The monument stands between two killing pits marked by a concrete border. The territory is fenced by a fence with concrete posts bearing the Stars of David.

About 200 m from this monument stands another monument marking two other killing pits (see here).

The current monument replaces a monument from the Soviet time: a low obelisk with a Russian inscription Память жертвам фашистского террора 1941 (Memory to the victims of the fascist terror, 1941) (see a photo in Meler 2010, 401, Meler 2013, 274).

The current monument is a granite stele stylized as a traditional tombstone, with a decorated upper part, a Star of David, and a short dedication in English.

Inscription

English

To genocide
victims
Subate 1941

Commissioned by

Jews originating from Subate

Summary and Remarks

11 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Monument at the First Murder Place in Subate | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
2000s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
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Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The Nazi German troops occupied Subate on June 28, 1941. On July 20, Latvian self–defenders of the Subate region arrested all Jews and placed them in two large sheds located on Lauku Street. On the following day, a commando of murderers, set up by the self–defense unit from Ilūkste, drove Jews in groups of 30–50 to four pits behind the Jewish cemetery, where they shot them. In the course of the day, about 300 Jews of Subate and Jewish refugees from Lithuania were killed.

After the war, the pits with the victims buried therein were fenced off with a fence with concrete posts bearing Stars of David. During the Soviet times, those stars were covered with cement, which later fell off. The original monument was a low obelisk with a Russian inscription Память жертвам фашистского террора 1941 (Memory to the victims of the fascist terror, 1941) (see a photo in Meler 2010, 401, Meler 2013, 274).

In the 2000s, the monument from the Soviet time was replaced by a granite stele stylized as a traditional tombstone, with a decorated upper part, a Star of David, and a short dedication in English.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia," a website by the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia, http://memorialplaces.lu.lv/memorial-places/zemgale/ilukste-municipality-subate/.

Meler, Meyer, Jewish Latvia: Sites to Remember (Tel-Aviv: Association of Latvian and Estonian Jews in Israel, 2013), p. 376.

Meler, Meyer, Mesta nashei pamiati: Evreiskie obshchiny Latvii, unichtozhennye v Kholokoste (Riga: by the author, 2010), p. 403.

Rochko, Josif, Jewish Latgale: Guidebook (Daugavpils, by the author, 2018), p. 28.
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Milda Jakulytė | 2022
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: