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Obj. ID: 43366
Jewish Architecture
  Holocaust Memorial plaque on the Great Synagogue in Klevan, Ukraine, 1991

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Kravtsov, Sergey, 2011

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish Holocaust Victims, murdered in the synagogue

Description

The plaque is attached to the synagogue building. It has a Ukrainian inscription on the left side and a relief image of women on the right side.

Inscription (Ukrainian):

В цьому будинку
бувшої синагоги
в червні – липні
1941 р. німецько-
фашистські нелю-
ди спалили жив-
цем і вбили біль-
ше 2х сот євреїв

Вічна памʼять
жертвам
фашизму

Translation: In this building of the former synagogue in June – July 1941, German-fascist non-humans burnt alive and killed more than 200 Jews. Eternal memory to the Victims of fascism

Commissioned by

to be determined

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial plaque on the Great Synagogue in Klevan | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (active)
Killing site
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust."}
Date
1991
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
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Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
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Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Present Usage Details
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
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Pricking
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Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
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Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Signature
Colophon
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Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

During the first days of the occupation of Klevan, Nazi Germans with local collaborators gathered about 500 or 700 Jews on the main square and murdered them, they later brought part of them to the synagogue and burned them there. On April 11, 1942, 30 Jews and 18 Poles were killed near the railroad in Klevan. About 600 Jews were killed in a forest near Klevan on May 13, 1942 [Encyclopedia].

In 1989, a local school teacher, the former head of the village, Arkadii Turchynskyi started to investigate Holocaust in Klevan [Parfeniuk]. Possibly, he became an initiator of the memorialization process in the village.

The memorial plaque was unveiled in October 1991. Regional and district authority representatives took part in the ceremony. Arkadii Turchynskyi took the floor [Dialoh].

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos 1933-1945, ed. Martin Dean, vol. 2 (Bloomington: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2012), pp. 1381–1382.

"Memorialna doshka zahyblym zemliakam-yevreiam," Zmina, October 15, 1991, p. 3.

"Murder Story of Klewań Jews at the Klewań Synagogue,"
Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/killing-site/14627836.

"Nikhto ne zabutyi, nishcho ne zabute!" Dialoh, 39, October, 1991, p. 4.

Parfeniuk, V., Klevan : portret na foni epokh (Rivne, 2013), p. 182–186.
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2024
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: