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Obj. ID: 40059
Jewish Funerary Art
  Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish Sector in the Mar’ina Roshcha Cemetery in Nizhnii Novgorod, Russia

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2021

Who is Commemorated?

Six million Jews killed during WWII

Description

The memorial is shaped as an unevenly-shaped upright stele of unpolished marble. The upper part of the stele bears a carved Magen David. A black marble plaque with inscriptions in Russian and Hebrew is placed in the center. Two memorial candles are carved under the plaque. In the lower right part of the stele, the names of donors are inscribed.

Inscriptions

The inscription in Russian reads:

Обелиск установлен
нижегородской сина-
гогой 9 мая 1995 г.
в память о 6000000
евреев погибших
в годы второй миро-
вой войны 1939-1945 гг.

Translation: The obelisk is erected by the synagogue of Nizhnii Novgorod on 9 May 1995 in memory of 6,000,000 Jews who perished in the years of the Second World War 1939-1945.

Below the Russian inscription there are two rows in Hebrew:

ה' ינקום דמם
ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. [=תהי נפשם צרורה בצרור החיים]

Translation: God will revenge their blood. Their souls will be bound in the bundle of life.

In the lower right, appears the acknowledgment for donations:

Благодарность
за пожертвования
Л. Раснецову
М. Звину
Л. Грузману
Д. Лев

Translation: Gratitude for donations to L. Rasnetsov, M. Zvin, K. Gruzman, D. Lev.

Commissioned by

Jewish community of Nizhnii Novgorod

12 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish Sector in the Mar’ina Roshcha Cemetery in Nizhnii Novgorod | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1995
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
(Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Russia | Nizhnii Novgorod (Нижний Новгород)
| Jewish Sector in the Mar’ina Roshcha Cemetery
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
marble
Material Decoration
carved
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
carved
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Black marble plaque: 61 cm on 55 cm.
Height
overall: 224 cm (right side), 130 cm (left side)
Length
Width
88 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
33 cm
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The monument was unveiled on the 50th anniversary of WWII victory in May 1995. The first gabbai of the revived Jewish community (est. 1988) Lipa Gruzman took upon himself a major part of duties for collecting donations and erecting the monument.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

“K piatoi godovshchine Soiuza evreev-invalidov i veteranov voiny v Nizhnem Novgorode.” In Evrei Nizhnego Novgoroda, 5:189–97. Nizhniĭ Novgorod: Nizhegorodskaia evreiskaia obshchina, 1999.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Anna Berezin, Ekaterina Oleshkevich, Ekaterina Sosensky | 2021
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
Dr. Betsy Gidwitz | 2021
Negative/Photo. No.