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Obj. ID: 400
Sacred and Ritual Objects
  Torah finials (Georgia, late 19th century)

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Bril, Yaacov, 1993

The tower-shaped Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body and an apex.

The cylindrical shaft is encircled by a ring at the bottom and tapers upward. The body has six facets which bear biblical phrases surmounted alternately by a crown or A Stars of David. Each facet is surmounted by a multifoile arch decorated with foliate motifs which also decoratete the bottom of each facet. The inscription in square filled letters on each facet begins with the following biblical verse:

פעמון זהב ורמון )שמות כ"ח:ל"ד(,

"A golden bell and a pomegranate" (Ex.28:34) (KJ).

 The following inscriptions are taken from verses from the books of Deuteronomy and Psalms:

"וזאת התורה##אשר שם##משה לפני##בני ישראל )דברים ד: מד( תורה צוה## לנו משה## מורשה## קהלת יעקב )דברים לג:ד(

"And this is the Torah which Moses set before the Children of Israel" (Deut.4:44).

"Moses comanded us the Law as the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob" (Deut. 33:4).

כי שם יוי)ה'(##אקרא הבו##גדל לאלהינו)דברים לב:ג(##הכל תנו##עוז##לאלהים##ותנו כבוד##לתורה)תהילים סח:לג(.

"Because I will call on the name of the Lord, ascribe greatness to our God" (Deut.32:3)

"Ascribe ye strength unto God"(Ps.68:34).

"תורת יהוה##תמימה##משיבת##נפש##עדות יהוה##נאמנה##מחכימת##פתי פקודי יהוה##ישרים##משמחה לב##מצות יהוה##ברה מאירת##עינים )תהילים יט: ח-ט( יהוה##לעמו יתן##יהוה יברך##את עמו##בשלום )תהילים כט:יא(

"The Torah of the Lord is perfect, restoring the soul, the testimony of the Lord is sure, Making the wise simple. The statutes of the Lord are right rejoicing the heart: the connansnent of the Lors is pure, enlightening the eyes." (Ps.19:8,9).

"The Lord will give (strenght) unto his people: the Lord bless his people with peace" (Ps. 29:11).

(ארחצ##בנקיון כפי##ואסבבה##את מזבחך##יהוה לשמע##בקול תודה##ולספר כל##נפלאותיך )תהילים כ"ו:ו,ז

I wash my hands in innocence: so I compass your altar O Lord: that I may sound the voice of thanksgiving and tell of all the wondrous works" (Ps. 26:6,7).

הרחמן הוה##יחזיר##עבודת##בית##המקדש##למ קומה##במהרה##בימינו

"May the merciful God quickly return the worship of the Temple to its place, in our days."

Six hangers with chains are attached to the upper rim of the body of the finial. The roof of the body is in the shape of a pyramid with six trapezoid facets following the six facetes of the body. Each facet bears different scenes: the city of Jerusalem; a seven-branched Menorah; the four species of Sukkot ; a crown and a Star^of^David; and an amphora with two olives (13194). The apex is in the shape of a Star^of^David within a flat floral frame which stems out of a double hemispherical base. 

20 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Torah finials | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1875-1899?
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.