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Obj. ID: 39689
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  JHM Ornamented Esther Scroll, Morocco (?), 19th century (?)

© Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum), Photographer: Unknown, -

The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is written within rectangular panels that are separated by floral, geometric patterns, or wide colorful lines. The upper margins are decorated with abstract geometric patterns. The lower margins within the panels, as well as the opening and final sections of the scroll, are blank.

1 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
JHM Ornamented Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
19th century (?)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Morocco
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 127x2055 mm.
Lenght of the membranes in the scroll: 1) 650 mm, 2) 700 mm, 3) 705 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- an average letter: 2 mm;
- spaces between the lines of the text: 2 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The manuscript  (the text, the decorations, and the parchments) is well preserved.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 3 sheets containing a total of 23 columns of the text of 20 lines each, except for col. 19 which includes 11 lines divided into two half-columns.

The first membrane contains 7 columns of text, membranes nos. 2 and 3 contain 8 columns. Two columns of text (nos. 19 and 20) are written in the same panel (no. 19).

The text is written in Hebrew square Oriental script in brown ink on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that are thick, stiff, and rather bright. The blank side of the membranes is darker and slightly shiny.

The letters ח (Es. 1:6) and ת (Es. 9:29) are not highlighted.

The ruling is made with a hardpoind and it is well visible (especially the horizontal lines). The lines are made along with the membranes.

The pricking is invisible.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

At the end of the manuscript, a not-finished draft of the decoration can be seen. 

The decoration is sketched in brown ink, most likely the same that was used for writing the text.

The ornamentation of the scroll resembles the patterns adorning Oriental furniture.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

A short description of the scroll and its image are available on https://data.jck.nl/page/aggregation/jhm-museum/M000436 (accessed on 19.06.2021).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.