This text was prepared by William Gross:
This list of books for sale is an early one, from a shop in Warsaw managed by the widow of the former owner with her sons. There are more than 2,000 books listed, divided by subject. It is interesting to note that the book passed the censor in Kiev, not Warsaw. At this time Warsaw was a part of the Russian Empire.
During the nineteenth century, when the Jewish world center of print moved to Eastern Europe, and the social place and function of women improved, there were 24 women active in Hebrew printing and publishing, 17 of whom were in Eastern Europe. A substantial number of printing houses came to be run by widows, the most famous of whom was the Widow (Dvoyre) Romm, who exerted substantial control over the great Lithuanian publishing house from 1860 until her death in 1903. In at least one case, a major Hebrew press, in Lwów, was founded and run from 1788 to 1805 by a woman, Yudis Rosanes, who came from the Żółkiew line of Uri Fayvesh ha-Levi.