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Obj. ID: 38478
Jewish printed books
  Ma'ayan Ganim by Ya'akov Elchanan, Venice, 1553

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

This text was prepared by William Gross:

A composition book comprised of sample letters by R. Samuel ben Elhanan Jacob Archivolti (c. 1515 – 1611), designed to teach through example the rules of correspondence. A student of R. Meir Katzenellenbogen (Maharam, 1473 – 1565), Archivolti served as a rabbi, av bet din, and rosh yeshivah in Padua. Among his students was R. Judah Aryeh (Leon) Modena. Prior to settling in Padua in 1568 Archivolti worked as a corrector for the Hebrew presses in Venice. He was deeply attached to the Hebrew language, as reflected by Ma’ayan Gannim and several of his other works.
Ma’ayan Gannim (“a fountain of gardens” Song of Songs 4:15) is divided into five chapters, each comprised of 10 letters. Various types of correspondence are represented: between a father and son, from an older to a younger man, with government officials, etc. Letters of a romantic, even sensual nature are also included, intermingling with those of a sacred nature, Reflecting contemporary mores and current issues, the letters contain information of historical and cultural value.
Title page with the three-crown device of the Bragadin press.
Fine woodcut illustrations of fountains and cupids appear at the chapters’ beginning. Each is framed by a biblical verse relating to water.
In 1550 Alvise Bragadin established a Hebrew press in Venice, thus ending a brief monopoly in Hebrew printing in Venice enjoyed by Guistiani (after the closing of the Bomberg press). This press continued as one of Venice’s leading Hebrew print-shops, issuing Hebrew titles in the 18th C under several generations of Bragadins (the last of whom was Alvise III). Throughout the years, the output of the Bragadini press was considerable, and covered the gamut of Hebrew works. The press was somewhat unusual, however, in that the Bragadins themselves did not always take an active role in their printing-house, leaving its operation to other printers, and lending their name to other presses.

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Name/Title
Ma'ayan Ganim by Ya'akov Elchanan | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1553
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Bragadini, Printing House in Venice
(Unknown)
In 1550 Alvise Bragadin established a Hebrew press in Venice, thus ending a brief monopoly in Hebrew printing in Venice enjoyed by Guistiani (after the closing of the Bomberg press). This press continued as one of Venice’s leading Hebrew print-shops, issuing Hebrew titles in the 18th C under several generations of Bragadins (the last of whom was Alvise III). Throughout the years, the output of the Bragadini press was considerable, and covered the gamut of Hebrew works. The press was somewhat unusual, however, in that the Bragadins themselves did not always take an active role in their printing-house, leaving its operation to other printers, and lending their name to other presses.
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Letterpress, Woodcut, Signature
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Measurements
Height
16.3 cm
Length
Width
11.5 cm
Depth
1 cm
Circumference
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Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
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Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
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Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
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Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Signature
Colophon
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Group
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Group
Group
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Summary and Remarks
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.