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Obj. ID: 37889
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  JML Esther Scroll with an Opening Floral Decoration, Lugo or Ancona, second half of the 18th century

© Jewish Museum in London (JML), Photographer: N/A, -

The right edge of the first membrane is trimmed into a conical shape that is filled with a schematic and symmetrical floral motif - the only decoration in the scroll. The text columns are inscribed in double frames colored with two contrasting paints.

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Name/Title
JML Esther Scroll with an Opening Floral Decoration | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
Second half of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 217 x ca. 2815 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) ca. 695 mm, 2) 565 mm, 3) 555 mm, 4) 695 mm, 5) ca. 305 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- opening decoration: 92 mm (maximum width);
- text panel e.g.: 200x205; col. 12: 203x135 mm;
- outer frame: 3 mm;
- inner frame: 4 mm;
- an average letter: 4 mm;
- letters in col. 12: 9 mm;
- letter ח in Es. 1:6: 7 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The scroll is preserved in good condition; the text is well preserved, the sheets' edges are straight, the parchment is rather clear. Its very beginning is torn that suggests a kind of ribbon was originally stitched here. In the upper margin of the first sheet, there is a yellow stain in the place where a piece of tape was removed.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 5 sheets containing 14 columns of the text with 22 lines, except for col. 12 with 11 lines divided into two parts. 

Sheets nos. 1-3 contains 3 columns of the text each, no. 4 - 4 columns, and no. 5 - one column.

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew square Italian-Sephardi script with tagin, in almost black ink, on the flesh side of parchment membranes that are very bright (the blank side of the sheets is yellow). The sheets are of different thicknesses but they all are rather stiff. 

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its form (it is composed of two parts joined with a roof) and additionally, it is slightly larger than an average letter in the scroll. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 12.

There are some corrections and erasures in the text.

The ruling is made with a hardpoint. The vertical lines are better visible than horizontal ones. In col. 12 every second line was marked.

The sheets in the scroll are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Previously the scroll must be mounted on a roller; this is suggested by holes and remains of the thread.

The ornamentation of the scroll shows a certain relationship with several other decorated scrolls and ketubbot; see e.g. the scroll, Bibliotheca Abrosiana, Milan. On the basis of the latter, the manuscripts can be dated to the 2nd half of the 18th century and connected with artists active in Ancona and/or Lugo. 

For a related scroll in the Index see ID 58.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Unknown

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.