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Obj. ID: 37704
Jewish printed books
  Evronot, Riva di Trento (Riva del Garda), 1560

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

This text was prepared by William Gross:

An early edition of this work on the intercalation of the Hebrew calendar, and the only edition of this particular text. The sales pitch on the title page plays on the title itself: "וקנה ספר עברונות כל בני עבר"
Sefer Evronot is a book for calculating of the months and the seasons of the Jewish year. Because the months are reckoned by the moon and the year by the sun, astronomical expertise was required to make the necessary adjustments, in order to ensure that the holidays are celebrated at the proper time. Interest in astronomy was thus mandated for religious Jews. Maimonides in fact devotes an entire section of his Mishnah Torah to what he lists as a positive commandment “to know how to determine which is the first day of each month of the year.”
This is the earlies Evronot in the GFC.
About 40 titles were printed in the Tyrolese town of Riva de Trento, better known for the Trent Blood libel of 1475 and the Councils of Trent from 1545-1563. For a short time, between 1558-1562, the town was in fact a refuge for the Hebrew book, due to the activities of Cardinal Cristoforo Madruzzo, who argued at the Council of Trent in 1562 for leniency and moderation in condemning books. Madruzzo recruited, among others, R. Jacob Marcaria, a dayyan and physician, to help finance and play a role in the press, which was located in the house of Antonio Broën. Marcaria edited and wrote brief prefaces for most of the books in Riva di Trento. The present volume is attributed to him.

7 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Evronot | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1560
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Letterpress, Woodcut
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
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Measurements
Height
21.2 cm
Length
Width
15 cm
Depth
1.3 cm
Circumference
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Weight
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Panel Measurements
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Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
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Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
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Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Group
Group
Group
Group
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Summary and Remarks
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.