Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 37055
Jewish printed books
  Lechem Starim, Strasbourg, 1777

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

This text was prepared by William Gross:

Commentary on Avoda Zara by Rabbi Nissim Shlomo Algazi. This second edition was based upon a copy of the first edition which was in the library of Rabbi David Zintzheim, who added an introduction in honor of the author. R. Solomon Nissim b. Abraham Algazi (1610?–c. 1683), the grandson of R. Joseph de Segovia Benveniste, was born in Borsa. He studied under his father and the poet R. Joseph Ganso, as well as R. Joseph Sasson and R. Meir de Boton at their yeshivah in Gallipoli. Algazi settled in Jerusalem in 1635, but was in Smyrna in 1646 - apparently in order to publish some of his works. Here he remained and was considered one of the city's outstanding scholars. He founded a bet midrash whose students included his son-in-law, R. Aaron Lapapa, and R. Hayyim b. Menahem Algazi, later rabbi of Rhodes. R. Algazi opposed Shabbetai Zevi and his followers; together with his son-in-law and other scholars, he excommunicated Shabbetai Zevi and stated that he deserved the death penalty. Compelled to flee and hide outside the city, when Shabbetai Zevi's apostasy became known (1666) he returned to Smyrna and resumed his position. R. Algazi assumed the additional name Nissim on recovering from a serious illness contracted during his travels. He returned to Jerusalem about 1670, and by 1673 was head of the local bet din. R. Algazi achieved a reputation for his saintliness and was reputed as a miracle worker.
Only few Hebrew books were printed in Strasbourg. Between 1540 and 1740 a number of Bibles were printed by Christian printers. This book is the first to be printed in the mid-1700’s, upon the reinstatement of the Hebrew printing in the city for a short while.

1 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Lechem Starim | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1777
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Letterpress, Signature, Stamped
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.