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Obj. ID: 36683
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  JMP Esther Scroll with Arcades and Floral Decoration, Bohemia, second half of the 18th century

© Jewish Museum in Prague (JMP), Photographer: Unknown, -

The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther, initial and final benedictions for the Megillah reading, and a liturgical poem for Purim are written within arcades. The upper and lower margins of the scroll are decorated with foliate and floral ornaments, and the spaces between the arcades are filled with cornucopias with flowers or flower-filled vases. The text panels are separated by twisted columns standing on high bases.

4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
JMP Esther Scroll with Arcades and Floral Decoration | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
second half of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 324x4270 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The scroll is preserved in very good condition; only some parts of the text and decorations are slightly damaged.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with initial and final benedictions and a liturgical poem אשר הניא "Asher heni".

Codicology

The scroll: the text is inscribed in dark brown ink, in Hebrew Ashkenazi and Sephardi stam scripts with tagim added to selected letters only. It is written on the flesh side of parchment membranes that are rather suede.

The first column of the text contains 22 lines. 

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its size - it is larger than an average letter in the scroll and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in the Haman's sons section (Es. 9:6-10) that is inscribed in 12 lines; the first and the last words are written separately in the center of the lines, while all remaining lines are divided into two parts as it was commonly practiced in Esther scrolls.

Words כי מרדכי (Es. 10:3) are written larger than the rest of the text in the scroll; they mark the section that should be read aloud by the congregants.

The lines of the text fit the text panels and their length varies.

The ruling - made with a hardpoint - is slightly visible.

The text of the Megillah is preceded by the initial benedictions. Each of them starts with a large word ברוך written separately in the lines. Instead of the Tetragrammaton, a sign formed of two י with a flag from ל letter, and a leg of א letter appears.

In the final benediction that is inscribed in the last panel, the first four words are enlarged; similarly, the opening word of "Asher Heni" poem (אשר) and the word שושנת in it.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The scroll was described solely on the basis of images which show merely fragments of the manuscript and do not allow for its comprehensive description.

Another number of the scroll: Ms 439.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
The scroll was acquired in Rokycany (Germ. Rokitzan). It belonged to the Judaic objects gathered by the Nazis during 1942-1945.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

The images of the scroll are available on http://collections.jewishmuseum.cz/index.php/Detail/Object/Show/object_id/221252 (accessed on 9.11.2020).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.