The following description was prepared by William Gross:
Such snuff boxes were used at Sabbath and festival synagogue prayers. During long hours of prayer, snuff boxes were passed around to the participants as a stimulant to maintain alertness and concentration. This example is a personalized version of the snuff box with the owner's initials in Hebrew letters on the rear edge. The front illustration in an oval is very similar to that on another snuff box in the Gross Family Collection, 029.001.014, and may be by the same hand. There are obvious remains of snuff on the interior of the box. Inscription: Initials: Tzadik' Zayin'