This text was prepared by William Gross:
In the late 18th century there arose in Germany a movement called the "Haskalah", the enlightenment, which maintained that a Jew could remain religious and yet take part in the daily secular life and knowledge of the surrounding community. This mode of thought was fiercely fought by the orthodox community that resisted any change. The majority of the jews in today's world are the inheritors of this enlighten philosophy and the reform and conservative religious movements are the result of this beginning, but even today there are major tensions in the Jewish world resulting from the differences in attitude between the orthodox and these groups. This bible, published in Prague, is a bible published for the enlightenment movement, with the commentary published in German in Hebrew letters. These commentaries were written by some of the great figures of the Haskalah movement, including the spiritual father of the Jewish enlightenment movement, Moses Mendelssohn, one of the greatest German philosophers of the 18th century. The set comprises five books.The title page of each is illustrated by quite elaborate depictions of bible stories realting to the portions printed in each volume. The artist has signed his work.
Commentator: Moses Mendelssohn, 1729 - 1786