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Obj. ID: 35393
Jewish printed books
  Biblia Hebraica, Antwerp, 1613

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

The Five Books of Moses printed by Plantin, and edited by Arias Montanas. The Hebrew text is underscored by the Latin translation. Lengthy Latin introduction.
Early works published by and for Christian-Hebraists were primarily philological works, grammars and lexicons, and biblical works. Later, however, an interest in Jewish literature developed that resulted in translations of Hebrew texts printed in Hebrew with accompanying Latin translation. The motivation behind these books began with the renewed Christian interest in the Hebrew Bible, and the desire to refute the Jewish author's arguments.
This edition of the Biblia Hebraica was edited by Benedictus Arias Montanas, a Spanish orientalist and editor of the famous Antwerp Polyglot Bible (Plantin Press, 1568-1573). He left many commentaries on various books of the Bible, a Latin translation of the Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela, and other works on widely varying subjects. Montanas was also celebrated as a poet, his verses being chiefly of a religious nature.
The Plantin Press was established in Antwerp,1564 by Christopher Plantin. In 1583 he relocated to Leiden, a university town, and began to print there with typographical material brought from Antwerp. His son-in-law Franciscus Raphelengius took over the Leiden business in 1585 (Christopher returned to Antwerp) and printed until he went into liquidation in 1619. Under his direction the press printed some twelve books in the 17th C with Hebrew letters, primarily books of the Bible such as the present volume. 

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sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Biblia Hebraica | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1613
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Plantin Press, Antwerp and Leiden
(Unknown)
The Plantin Press was established in Antwerp, 1564 by Christopher Plantin. In 1583 he relocated to Leiden, a university town, and began to print there with typographical material brought from Antwerp. His son-in-law Franciscus Raphelengius took over the Leiden business in 1585 (Christopher returned to Antwerp) and printed until he went into liquidation in 1619. Under his direction the press printed some twelve books in the 17th C with Hebrew letters, primarily books of the Bible.
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Letterpress, Engraving
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Measurements
Height
19.5 cm
Length
Width
13 cm
Depth
4.5 cm
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Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
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Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
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Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
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Colophon
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Group
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Group
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Summary and Remarks
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Bibliography
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Full Name
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Computer Reconstruction
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Negative/Photo. No.