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Obj. ID: 35200
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  MOIJA Esther Scroll with Cut-Out Border, Lugo or Ancona, second half of the 18th century

© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 05.2015

The upper and lower margins of the scroll are decorated with a cut-out ornament that is composed of intertwined floral motifs, shields with criss-cross, birds, and animals; there is also a single angel and a human head. The spaces between the rectangular text columns with the Book of Esther in Hebrew are not decorated. For unknown reasons, the decoration is unfinished and the membranes are unpainted. 

The scroll is mounted on a wooden roller.

25 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
MOIJA Esther Scroll with Cut-Out Border | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
second half of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Material/Technique
Ink on parchment + wood
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 90x4480 mm.
Lenght of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 450 mm, 2) 655 mm, 3) 560 mm, 4) 580 mm, 5) 555 mm, 6) 590 mm, 7) 520 mm, 8) 570 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- text panel: 33x86 mm;
- spaces between the text columns: 25 mm;
- decorations in the upper margins: 14 mm;
- decorations in the lower margins: 24 mm;
- an average letter: 2 mm
- spaces between the lines: 2-3 mm.
The roller: ca. 235 mm (height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The first membrane is seriously damaged, especially its upper part; it lacks a large fragment of it; therefore it is repaired with a piece of parchment. At the end of the second sheet, there is a big stain.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is composed of 8 sheets containing 40 columns of the text with 8 lines except for col. 34 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew square Italian script in black ink on the flesh side of parchment membranes that are of a mid-thickness but stiff.

The number of the columns per membrane: sheet no. 1 - 4, no. 2 - 6, no. 3 - 5, no. 4 - 6, no. 5 - 5, no. 6 - 5, no. 7 - 5, no. 8 - 4.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is marked by its size (it is 4 mm high) and form (contains two parts joined with a roof). The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 34.

In col. 34, all names of Haman's sons are of the same width; similarly, as the repeating words ואת are written in a column of the same width. Neither the word ish nor עשרת are elongated.

The last column in the scroll is narrowing downwards.

The ruling was probably done in two ways: drawn with a pencil (vertical lines marking the text panels and possibly vertical lines in a part of the scrolls) and marked with a stylus (a part of the scroll, e.g. on the sheet no. 5). 

The first and second sheets are glued, whereas all others are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

For similar scrolls in the Index see IDs: 34768,

To the right edge of the first membrane, a long strip of red fabric is stitched.

Only a part of the scroll is decorated with cut-out designs. Some parts of the scroll are undecorated, on some other fragment, sketches in pencil are visible but the pattern is not cut-out, wheras in some other cases only a part of the drawing is cut-out. This suggests that the copying of the text was the first stage in the production of the megillah and its ornamentation was executed after it. 

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Unknown

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.